Behavioural and Human Relations
What is it?
These are theories which state that business objectives are determined jointly by groups of interested parties. Some theories can include; employees may work harder if they believe management is concerned about their welfare, but the work group influences worker behaviour and individual output. (leading). The behavioural theories come after the Classical/Scientific theories. According to http://toolkit.smallbiz.nsw.gov.au/ , behavioural theories focus not only on the individual leader, but more on the patterns of leadership itself. Behavioural theory should promote the value of leadership styles and emhpasise the concern for people and participative decision making. Applications of this theory should encourage collaboration and team development by supporting individual needs and aligning individual or group objectives. Advantages
One of the main advantages is that this approach focuses on behaviours and can be easily observed or manipulated. It focuses on the present time rather than past behaviours. This application can help determine what needs to be fixed in order for the business to improve its leadership and team skills. Disadvantages
If an approach cannot treat the underlying causes of the behaviour, it is likely that the previous behaviour will return eventually. Sometimes the theories may not be as effective as planned. Theorist Examples
The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory was created by Dr Paul Hersey, a professor and author of "The Situational Leader," and Ken Blanchard, author of the best-selling "The One-Minute Manager," among others. The theory states that instead of using just one style, successful leaders should change their leadership styles based on the maturity of the people they're leading and the details of the task. Using this theory, leaders should be able to place more or less emphasis on the task, and more or less emphasis on the relationships with the...