Man-made disasters are disasters is the element of human intent, negligence or involving a failure of a man-made system that leads to human suffering and environmental damage. Man-made disasters are sometimes referred to as anthropogenic. The term anthropogenic designates an effect or object resulting from human activity.
Man-made disasters can be divided into different categories and they include technological hazards, sociological hazards and transportation hazards among others. These are broken down into several categories and while this is the case, there are some that cause more pronounced damage when compared to others. A good example is to look at man made disasters such as transportation. These are divided into different categories which include aviation, rail, road and space among others. Often these are as a result of neglect or ignorance and over the years, they have claimed several lives. Road accidents are common in India due to reckless driving, untrained drivers and poor maintenance of roads and vehicles. According to Lifeline Foundation, the Ahmedabad based organization working for road safety, India accounts for 13 per cent of road accident fatalities worldwide. With 130,000 deaths in 2007, India tops in the number of people killed in road accidents, surpassing China’s 90,000. Most of these deaths occurred due to bad road designs and lack of proper traffic management systems to separate different streams of traffic.
Another type of disaster that falls in this category is nuclear bomb. When this occurs, it is often as a result of intent and the end results are even more catastrophic with a large percentage of those involved losing their lives or alternatively ending up with major defects or long term injuries. Other types of man made disasters which are just as catastrophic include chemical spill, oil spill, arson and terrorism. There are also some technological hazards which include power outages structural collapse, industrial hazards...
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