Major Health Problems in India.

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Major health problems in india : 
Major health problems in india communicable disease problem population problem environmental sanitation problem medical care problem nutritional problem

COMMUNITY NUTRITION PROGRAMMES: 

INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICE (ICDS) SCHEME : 
Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) scheme was launched on 2nd October, 1975 (5th Five year Plan) in pursuance of the National Policy For Children started in 33 experimental blocks Success of the scheme led to its expansion to 2996 projects by the end of March 1994. Now the goal (Ninth Five Year Plan ) is universalization of ICDS throughout the country.

Beneficiaries : 
Beneficiaries
1. Children below 6 years
2. Pregnant and lactating women
3. Women in the age group of 15-44 years
4. Adolescent girls in selected blocks

Objectives : 
1. Improve the nutrition and health status of children in the age group of 0-6 years 2. Lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child 3. Effective coordination and implementation of policy among the various departments 4. Enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutrition needs through proper nutrition and health education.

The Package of services provided by ICDS : 
1. Supplementary nutrition, Vitamin-A, Iron and Folic Acid
2. Immunization
3. Health check-ups
4. Referral services
5. Treatment of minor illnesses
6. Nutrition and health education to women
7. Pre-school education of children in the age group of 3-6 years 8. Convergence of other supportive services like water supply, sanitation, etc

VITAMIN A PROPHYLAXIS PROGRAMME(1970) : 
Programme launched by Ministry of H&FW Component of National programme for control of blindness.1968,1976 Single massive dose of oily preparation of Vitamin A containing 200000 IU orally to all preschool children in the community every 6 months through peripheral health workers

PROPHYLAXIS AGAINST NUTRITIONAL ANAEMIA : 
Launched by Govt of India during 4th five year plan Distribution of iron and folic acid tablets to pregnant women and young children (1-12 years MCH centers and ICDS projects implement this programme

SCHEME FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (KISHORI SHAKTI YOJNA) : 
A scheme for adolescent girls in ICDs was launched by the Department of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development in 1991. Targeted all adolescent girls in the age group of 11-18 years

SCHEME FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (KISHORI SHAKTI YOJNA) : 
Common services
1. Watch over menarche,
2. Immunization
3. General health check-ups once in every six-month
4. Training for minor ailments
 5. De-worming
6. Prophylactic measures against anemia, goiter, vitamin deficiency, etc. 7. Referral to PHC. District hospital in case of acute need.

IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDER PROGRAMME : 
Launched in 1962 Focuses on Use of Iodized Salt – Replace of common salt with iodized salt, Cheapest method to control IDD Use of Iodized tablets – iodine tablets administered to school children (not widely accepted) Use of Iodized oil – 1ml Injection of Iodized oil to those suffering from IDD, Oral administration as prophylaxis in IDD severe areas Mass communication – Public awareness through mass media and public health programmes

MID-DAY MEAL PROGRAMME : 
MID-DAY MEAL PROGRAMME Also known as School lunch programme in operation since 1961 Objective to attract more children for admission to schools

Principles of Mid Day Meal programme : 
Principles of Mid Day Meal programme The meal should be supplement and not a substitute to home diet. The meal should supply at least one third of the total energy requirement and half of the protein needed The cost of meal should be reasonably low. The Meal should be prepared easily in schools, no complicating cooking procedures involved Locally available foods should be used The menu should be frequently changed

Mid Day Meal programme Recommendations : ...
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