Major Environmental Problems in the North Eastern India: Possible...

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Major Environmental Problems in the North Eastern India: Possible Legal and Non-Legal Solutions

By | June 2011
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MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN THE NORTH EASTERN INDIA: POSSIBLE LEGAL AND NON-LEGAL SOLUTIONS

The North-Eastern India is the land of rising sun in the sub-continent. Assam and other seven sisters including Sikkim consist the whole landmass of the North-Eastern India. The green belt of India, so called land of forest and tribals, the entire north-east region is rich in its natural resources-oil, natural gas, minerals and most importantly valuable forests. The worlds largest river Island 'Majuli' is situated in the heart of the river Brahmaputra. The Kaziranga National Park in the Jorhat district of Assam is the home for the world famous one-homed rhinoceros. The place of highest rainfall in the world "Mousimam" is situated in Meghalaya.

Assam produces the largest share of tea that's nearly 53% of the all India production. Besides Assam; Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Tripura also contributing to the tea production, though output from these states is yet to gain momentum.

The north eastern region which was almost an environmental friendly region with maximum rainfall every year, green trees and green pasteur everywhere is non longer a tourist destination. Though the North-East is an industrially backward region, the existing industries, deforestation and flood are causing serious problem to the environment in the region.

The major environmental problems can be summarised as follows: 1. Deforestation
2. Flood
3. Industrial activities
a. Coal mining operation
b. Crude oil exploration
c. Petroleum refinery
d. Fertilizer industries
e. Paper industries
f. Cement industries
4. Automobile Exhaust Emission
5. Water quality of river Brahmaputra

1. Deforestation: Inspite of the existence of several forest laws and regulation the forest of North-East is decaying. It is now an industry. The main share holder of the 'deforestation' industries is the Department of Forest having 40% share and the militant and surrendered militants share 60%...
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