Major Contributions of Karen Horney
Karen Horney was a German psychologist who made major contributions in psychology. Some of these contributions include things like in feminine psychology, theory of self, and self-psychology. On psychology.about.com it is stated “Her refutation of Freud's theories about women generated more interest in the psychology of women.” (Cherry, 2013) Although Karen Horney did follow a great deal of Sigmund Freud's theory, she did not have the same opinion with his beliefs on female psychology. She didn’t accept his concept of male envy, saying it was both incorrect and humiliating to women. Horney proposed, instead, the concept of womb envy, where men experience feelings of lowliness because they could not give birth to children. "Is not the tremendous strength in men of the impulse to creative work in every field precisely due to their feeling of playing a relatively small part in the creation of living beings, which constantly impels them to an over-compensation in achievement?" Horney suggested. (Cherry, 2013) Karen Horney’s theory of self was a very important contribution to psychology in showing how the way a neurotic person views themselves is different than the way that a healthy person views themselves. She believed that neurosis was a constant process, with neuroses occurring commonly at irregular intervals in a person’s lifetime. The neurotic’s identity is more or less split into a loathed self and a perfect self. Other theorists hypothesize a "looking-glass"(Boeree, 2007) self, the you that you think others see. If you look around and see, whether accurately or not, others despising you, then you receive that within you as what you presume to be the real you. Neurotic persons create an ideal self out of should and expectations they believe they should be living up to. The ideal self is not a constructive goal. It is unrealistic and, in the end, unattainable. So, in turn, a neurotic person bounces back and forth between...
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