Maintaining a Healthy Body

Topics: Nutrition, Tobacco smoking, Cancer Pages: 4 (1216 words) Published: January 2, 2013
Maintaining A Healthy Body

There are a wide range of factors that affect the health of the body. The nutrition of the body is one. The Government recommends that all healthy individuals’ diet should contain plenty of starchy foods such as rice and pasta. Plenty of fruit and vegetables, at least 5 portions a day. Moderate amounts of protein-rich foods such as meat and fish. Moderate amounts of milk and dairy. Little saturated fatty foods, such as salt and sugar (1). Another factor that works along with nutrition is exercise. The United Kingdom (UK) chief medical officers recommend that adults should be doing moderate intensity physical activity of 150 minutes a week (2). As well as ways of increasing health there are factors that can decrease it. Cigarette smoke contains over 4,800 chemicals, 69 of which are known to cause cancer (3). This surely can not be good for maintaining a healthy body. An access of alcohol is another substance that affects the human body’s health in a negative way. We will look at each factor in more detail to show how much each factor can increase and decrease a persons well being.

It is important to choose a variety of foods everyday to maintain a healthy body however you have to eat the right foods not just a variety (4). This is known as a balanced diet. Starchy foods such as bread, rice and pasta should make up about a third of the food you eat, according to the National Health Sector (NHS). Starchy foods are a good source of energy and the main source of nutrients in our diet (6). Starch is made up of a complex carbohydrate and also glucose in a more complex form (7). This will provide the body with energy to function both mentally and physically (6). Excess of starch however can cause problems. As starchy foods are higher in calories and have high sugar content, this can lead to weight gain and possible health risks such as diabetes or hyperglycaemia (7).

Fat and sugar foods are both sources of energy for...
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