Mahatma Gandhi - Father of Modern India

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Mohandas Gandhi – Father of Modern India – Sky W.

During the late 1800’s, India was yet again being taken over by another conquering nation (Britain). The British were not the first to do this, but followed in the footsteps of the Greek and Persian invasions of the 5th Century BC. Though the control factor remained the same, the way the British went about doing it – gradual and subtle – was not the same method the Persians or the Greeks used of an immediate and simple takeover. If India were to retrieve its independence from the British, someone had to act in a father-like way to the nation, and that man was Gandhi. The gradual takeover by the British was not unnoticed by Mahatmas Gandhi. The Indian economy was suffering, and as Dr. Nanda Kishor argues, Gandhi was strongly motivated to free India from the unhealthy economy, and did so in a father-like manner. The BBC agree with argument, quoting: “…to be truly equal (with the British) the Indians would need independence from British rule.” Gandhi sought to rid India of the British superpower, and achieve his goals of an India that was fully dependant upon itself, and a country where all men and women, regardless of their religion or creed were treated as equals. Rafique, M. – Mahatma Gandhi – father of nation defined ‘father of a nation’, as quoted “Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of a nation” Whilst the source may be considered a bias viewpoint of an Indian author, it is a very accurate definition to describe Gandhi and his actions after 1915. However, author Jenniffer Rosenberg also agrees with this definition, stating: “Mohandas Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement.” Gandhi’s actions directly lead to India achieving its independence in 1947.

It was for these two reasons that Gandhi proved himself to be a father figure. Barron, A – Gandhi, the father of India correlates with the statement that Gandhi was more of a father figure than a prophet because of his methodology rather than his psychology. However, it was not only limited to these two reasons, it is arguable that Gandhi’s intent to change Hindu beliefs (most importantly moving the untouchables into the caste system), the way in which he lead and preached to Indian citizens as if they were his own children, and the total rebellion against the British salt taxes that clearly defined Gandhi as a father figure to India. It was to Gandhi’s knowledge, following 1918 (the end of WWI and therefore the end of Indian drafted troops by the British into the war) that the British were only using India for their own economical gain and security, taking advantage of their resources.

Once the British had discovered that India had a great deal of resources that they could profit strongly from, more and more land was taken from the Indians when the British imposed an Act (the doctrine of lapse) upon India which allowed the British to repossess Indian land if the owner who died did not have a direct heir to it. In effect, taking away Indian independence and replacing it with a British-reliant nationalistic sub continent, as agreed in the Encyclopaedia Britannica under their article titled “Doctrine of lapse” Gandhi’s decision to gain full independence of India was entirely fuelled by the East India Trading Company that saw rule in India for 88 years. He wanted to rid the British rule from India, and make the change towards full Indian independence. The BBC, in an article entitled Mohandas Gandhi agree that Gandhi believed that the only way for Britain and India to be truly equal with one another was to rid the British power over India altogether, as it was removing the identity of the country. Gandhi had his own famous methodology for protesting rights, known as ‘civil disobedience.’ As quoted, this Bondurant, J. – Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict agrees with this argument, stating:...
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