Title Page 2 Area of research 3 Acknowledgement 4 Introduction 5 Rationale 6 Analysis and Interpretation of Data 7 – 8 Conclusion 9 Appendix 10 Bibliography 11
THEME: Decolonization and Liberation
TOPIC: India: Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement
THESIS: How did Gandhi’s influence transform India; politically, economically and socially?
This Internal Assessment is based on Decolonization and Liberation. It will focus on one man in particular, Mohandas Karamchan Gandhi and his contributions to India politically, economically and socially. He said “be the change you want to see”, and as such he was indeed the change that India needed. Gandhi was a selfless individual who reacted to the injustice around him and fought on behalf of the country men to gain freedom. He was a humble man of petite stature and cloaked in simple robes; he has had a global influence on leaders and laymen alike with his remarkable achievements using non-violent civil disobedience in his leadership of the revolutionary struggle in India. He set an example for the modern world through his unswerving commitment to peace and human dignity, teaching us all what is necessary and what is possible.
The researcher understood the specific theme chosen and was a bit au-fait with the topic, because she had a keen interest in Gandhi and all his work. In an age where violence is on the increase Gandhi’s message of non-violence is needed. It is the researchers hope that this IA will reach a wide cross section of people and will effect a change.
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar in the present state of Gujarat on October 2nd, 1869. He was educated in law at University College, London in 1891 afterwards he was admitted to the British Bar and returned to India and attempted to establish to law practice in Bombay, with little success. Gandhi belonged to the Vaishya - the third or commercial and business caste. These castes of people were skilled workers, including farmers, herdsmen, traders, merchants, etc... He became famous by fighting for the civil right of Muslims and Hindu Indians in South Africa. He used techniques of non-violence and civil disobedience. When he returned to India in 1915 he began to organise peasants to protest excessive land taxes. In his opposition to communalism he reached out widely to all religious groups. He then became the leader of Muslims protesting the declining status of the caliphate. Though there was no place in his scheme for modern capitalism he never called for expropriation of India’s capitalist. He argued those who had great wealth must be persuaded (non-violently) to use their wealth for the betterment of those who are vulnerable in society. Also he opposed compulsory land reforms. He said that those who possessed land wealth were trustees of the community resources to be justly shared. Gandhi assumed leadership of the India National congress 1920. He led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty; women rights; building religious and ethnic...