Lushoto

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Lushoto

Helen Kejo
Form 1 m
2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TAFORI----------------------------pg 3-5
Sakarani Vine yard-------------------pg 6
Irente Biodiversity Reserve---------------pg 7-8
Irente Biodiversity Reserve’s History----- pg 9-10
Irente children’s home--------- pg 11-12
Irente School for the blind-------- pg 13-14
Hiking Mount Usambara----- pg 15-19
The experience------- pg 20
In town----- 21-23
Soni falls--------24-25

TAFORI
Lushoto Silviculture Research Centre (LSRC)
The Centre is in Lushoto District, Tanga Region. It carries out forestry research in four departments namely; Forest Plantation Management and Agro forestry, Forest Ecology, Forest Genetics and Forest Protection. Forest Plantation Management and Agro forestry is responsible for conducting research related to plantation forestry and agro forestry. Forest Ecology mainly deals with research in Botany, Herbarium and Natural Forests.

The forest
Forest Genetics has two sections namely: Seed and Nursery and Tree Breeding. Seed and Nursery section is responsible for seed establishment of trials (species and provenances selection), collection, extraction, storage, and distribution and rising of seedlings while Tree Breeding is responsible for trials maintenance, data collection and evaluation of trials. Forest protection deals with research and consultancies on Entomology, Pathology and Fire Protection. Left: A forest in Lushoto. Right: Tree breeding.

The Centre also has established a Desktop publishing unit with the objective of providing services related to typesetting, printing, and binding of documents. The unit provides services to TAFORI itself, Government institutions and other private institutions including individuals.

TAFORI’S HISTORY
TAFORI- Tanzania Forest Institute.
TAFORI started by the Germans in 1902. A number of experimental plots established at that time can be seen today. In 1928, the British renamed the Amani Research Station to the East African Agricultural Research Station. In 1948 the Amani station was moved to Muguga – Kenya, to form the East African Agricultural and Forestry Research Organization (EAAFRO). The organization catered for research activities common to the three partner states. Research problems unique to the individual countries were attended to a national basis. This led to the establishment of the Silvicultural Research Station in Lushoto in 1951 and the Timber Utilization Research Station in Moshi at the same time. Following the collapse of the East African Community in February 1977, an immediate need to fill the vacuum became the apparent, as the two stations established in the early 1950’s were not well placed to act in EEAFRO’s stand.

Sakarani Vineyard

Tropical vineyard
This one-acre vineyard is part of the St. Benedict's Religious House Sakarani near Soni in the Usambara Mountains in northern Tanzania. It's one of very few tropical vineyards at approximately 5 degrees south. Problems with growing wine grapes in the tropics include too short days and an unfavorable climate overall (too hot). This being in the mountains, at least the heat hurdle is partially overcome. They grow Chenin Blanc, which is the most commonly used white grape in South Africa, as well as a hybrid grape variety for their "port". They plant grapes here and later on the grapes are used for wine. They make both sweet and white wine.

Irente Biodiversity Reserve
Irente Biodiversity Reserve is a nature reserve with a difference. Owned and managed by North-Eastern Diocese of the Lutheran Church in Tanzania, it incorporates both environmental conservation and sustainable organic agriculture. The Usambaras are one of Conservation International’s World Biodiversity Hotspots – that is, they are recognized as an area with exceptional diversity of species. There is a project here to restore this biodiversity by replanting trees, shrubs and climbers...
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