Low Back Pain

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Low-Back Pain Exercise Prescription

Chronic low-back pain is referred to, simply as pain in the lower back. It is considered chronic if it has been present for more than three months at a time. Chronic low back pain can come from injury, disease or stresses on different body structures. The pain coming from the lower back can range from aching, burning, tingling, sharp or stabbing. Eventually, this chronic illness can lead to or be the cause of back stiffness, decreased movement of the lower back and difficulty standing straight up (North, 2009). I chose to research this topic because both of my parents have chronic low back pain. My father’s is from his job – construction worker – and my mother’s is from family history – her mother had it. Therefore, I am at much greater risk of having chronic low back pain in the future, especially because my future career path as a physical therapist requires much lifting. I currently do have mid to low back pain. My job at home as a physical therapist aide requires much lifting, walking and standing. I also played volleyball for fourteen years of my life and the stresses from that on my lower back has been unbelievably painful.

There are many risk factors associated with chronic low back pain. To list a few, family history, gender, previous back injuries, occupational risks, and poor posture. Those who have had family members with chronic low back pain are more likely to have chronic low back pain, as well. Women who have had at least two or more pregnancies are at more risk for having chronic low back pain than men. Relapses are common for those that have had previous low back pain or an injury causing low back pain increasing the risk to have chronic low back pain. Jobs that require prolonged standing or sitting, lifting heavy weights or working with vibrating tools can be risks for chronic low back pain (Low, 2012).

It is important for those with chronic low back pain to exercise because it can help...
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