Author and date written: William Golding wrote Lord of the Flies in 1954.
Country (and state/region) of author :
Golding is from Cornwall, England. He was born in Newquay, Cornwall, England on September 19, 1911 and died in Perranarworthal, Cornwall, England on June 19, 1993 at the age of 81. He married Ann Brookefieldon on September 30, 1939. They had two children, David and Judith. His daughter, Judith Golding, also became a writer.
Reason for the book being banned and/or challenged:
Lord of the Flies contained profanity, passages about sex, and statements that pick on minorities, God, women, and the disabled. Lord of the Flies is an illustration that religion does not create peace and order but rather destroys it because the savages were once civilized, religious boys who create the conditions for havoc and cruelty, who turn their paradise on earth into a living hell introducing superstition, and then violence based on supposed "rightness". It was challenged most recently in 2000 but remained on the ninth-grade accelerated English reading list in Bloomfield, New York.
Characters (major and minor) with brief descriptions of each; include at least two adjectives for each and some commentary: Ralph is the athletic and charismatic with strong morals with a few lapses in judgement. A natural-born leader with a golden-boy appearance, looked up to by the little ones on the island. He was chosen to be a leader among the boys and brings them together. He represents order, civilization, and productivity, trying to be mature in the midst of the schoolboys. Ralph builds huts and thinks of ways to maximize their chances of being rescued in the duration of the book. Piggy is the only constant on the island, never-changing. He represents wisdom and order. He wears glasses that later become broken. He has asthma and is obese, and acts as Ralph's advisor. He is the only one on the island that acts like an adult whereas Ralph is mature. In the events of the novel, does not become unkempt or dirty like the other boys but always clean and pale. He always refers to his aunt, adding the only female input. When he is killed by Roger in the form of a giant boulder, ralph is left alone and isolated. 's death represents the end of civil living, knowledge, and reason. Also, 's real name is never revealed in the novel and never known by the reader. Jack is ginger haired with blue-eyes. He was the leader of the choirboys. He is the character foil of . He is arrogant and power-hungry. His stubborn nature is the catalyst of the fall of civilization on the microcosm. Because of his obsession with trying to hunt and kill a boar but ultimately failing the first time, he becomes savage and bloodthirsty. He enjoys killing the hog and loves the rush of bloodlust that comes from hunting. Separating himself from the order, or JackJack and Ralph, starts another, separate group that goes against the views of the lawful civilization. Also, he does not want to be rescued from the island because of the position of power that he gets from the island. represents the worst aspects of human nature when unrepressed or un-tempered by society. Simon is the pariah of the group. He has dark features that differentiate from the other boys. He sees everything but does not say anything, the observer. Simon is a character who represents peace and tranquillity and positivity. He is the only one who knows the real nature of the boys. He is attuned to the island and loves nature of the island. He is positive about the future. Simon is kind at heart and represents a Christ figure in the novel. He foreshadows his death in the novel twice. Vaguely predicting that his death was about to occur in this manner when he was hallucinating and " speaking" to the Lord of the flies or the pig head on the stake. Earlier in the novel Simon himself also predicts his own death when he tells Ralph that he will "get back all right" implying...