The Roben’s report on "Safety and Health at Work" was published in June 1972 after 2 years of studies and forms the basis of much of the modern Health and Safety Legislation. Roben’s Report 1972 led to the controversially constitute the idea of self-regulation by employers. The Report itself led to the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and basis of the Health and Safety Commission and the Health and Safety Executive. Malaysia’s OSH 1994 use Roben’s Report as guidelines for the Occupational Safety and Health Management.
Lord Roben’s Report 1972
This report stated that:
1. The main reason why accident happen is because of apathy; 2. There were too many laws on OSH;
3. These law were difficult to understand and intrinsically unsatisfactorily; 4. Safety and health at work were primarily a matter of detailed regulation by external agencies and workers responded to regulation per se; 5. OSH was about inspectors enforcing regulations;
6. Legislation only covered some industries, workers and hazards (selective); 7. Existing law did not stress on attitude, ability, and performance of individual and the efficiency of system they worked in.
Results and conclusions of the report
This is the result and conclusion made by Lord Roben and his committee: 1. There was too much law.
2. Law should be simplified.
3. The balance between "prescriptive" and "goal setting" legislation needed to shift towards the latter. 4. Framework law should be supported by specific Regulations, Codes of Practice and Guidance where necessary and appropriate. Voluntary Standards would form the next tier in this scheme. 5. The Inspectorate should be reformed.
The find in the report concluded that Safety and Health legislation the UK needed a radical overhaul and improvement. This is led to the formation of a new legislation and guideline that are more self-regulation and can be understood by all...