Literary and Non Literary Texts

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In this paper I am going to compare and contrast a literary text (Education for Leisure by Carol Ann Duffy) and a non literary text (Newspaper article from “The Independent” by Nigel Morris) focussing on the language features used, the structural and presentational devices, the use of correct punctuations, analyse the structure of the non literary text for bias and the techniques used to convey meaning and ideas by both authors. The objective of literary texts is to teach the readers a life lesson with the development and growth of the main character as the plot unfolds. These types of texts have a meaning behind the writing instead of just being written for fun. Literary texts mainly focus on problems or weaknesses of the society that are exposed for the world to read and some of them offered ways to help fix the issue. Literary texts are mainly used in novels, fictions, short stories, poetry, and drama. However, non literary texts are for the everyday reader because they are easier to read and fairly simple and have nothing in it that will confuse the story. It mostly deals with factual information. There could be lesson in the text that is simple and easy to figure out. Non literary texts are mainly used in newspaper or magazine articles, brochures, journals, travel writing and personal diaries. The structure of the newspaper article is made up of a catchy, instructive heading which is a powerful incentive to make the readers want to read. The subheadings allow the readers to pick and choose the information they want to read. It also includes statistical graphs and photographs related to the content of the article. It helps to make it an easier read for the intended audience. It also helps the writer to present complex information. The headline is bold; bigger in size and different font style and the illustrations beneath it, is to attract the readers’ attention to the article that follows. The length of the paragraph in the article is reasonable which make it easier for readers to rapidly absorb what is written. The use of bullets in his conclusion, allows the writer to present his ideas as clear as possible and the contents are informative yet persuasive. Furthermore, the writer has used the “Inverted Pyramid” technique, meaning, all the key information is at the top with the least important are arranged in descending order. By the reading the first couple of paragraphs or so, the readers can easily get a good overview of what the article is all about. The structure of the poem is made up of five stanzas of four lines each. The poem is well organised which, in my opinion, that the poet has planned a certain course of action. The one word sentence “Anything” or other short sentences used throughout the poem sets the pace and tone of the poem. It may have been used by the poet to force the message into the readers’ mind. This works well with the violent actions and images in the poem. They also break the flow and rhythm which helps to create the mood and set an angry tone in the poem and also suggesting a ‘broken’ character. Enjambment is the continuation of a sentence form one line or couplet into the next. It is used by Duffy to give the stanzas the rhythm of natural speech which makes the persona sounds more violent and aggressive. The linguistic and stylistic features used in the newspaper article are factual and accurate, clear and concise to inform its readers. It also authenticates and supports claims and adds weight to its content. The use of quoted references confirmed the factuality of the writer’s information and reliability of his source. The writer chooses to write in ‘active voice’ which makes the sentences have energy and directness. In my opinion, it is the best option as the sentences are more precise and gets to the point quickly. The writer has also made use of rhetorical questions such as “Why are we asking this now?” in its subheading. It is an effective way of introducing new topics, but...
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