Literary Analysis: James Joyce

Topics: Dubliners, Boy, Dublin Pages: 5 (2057 words) Published: October 19, 2012
James Joyce and “Araby”
The uses of poses and style in Joyce’s writing have been critically acclaimed throughout the world. He has been praised for his experiments with language, symbolism, and his use of stream of consciousness. He is still considered one of the great writers of his time. The view of James Joyce has been immortalized through his personal history, interpretations of his stories, and is well analyzed by the literary community. “James Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, the oldest of ten children born to John and Mary Joyce” (Araby 2). He was raised in a suburb of Dublin, Ireland called Rathgar. His family was a middle class family, but suffered from major financial decline because his father “was a drinker who wasted the family’s resources” (Araby 2). Because of the family’s money problems they moved around a lot during Joyce’s childhood. It was believed that this was what gave Joyce such insight into Dublin life which he would write about a great deal later in life. He was educated at the best Jesuit schools which were supposed to prepare him to be a priest. He had to finance his education mostly through scholarships. Joyce excelled in his education and won many awards for his work during his school years. He attended University College in Dublin. During his college years he started to rebel against his Catholic upbringing and became more disillusioned in the Church. Soon after leaving school he met Nora Barnacle, but he did not believe in the institution of marriage, so they did not marry until 1931, and only did so because he was scared that she would be left with nothing when he died. Also because they were not married they could not stay in Catholic Ireland, so they moved to Paris, France. After this point Joyce “spent most of his life in self-imposed exile “(James (Augustine Aloysius) Joyce 198) from his homeland only returning to take care of his sick mother and then leaving again. Early on he had a lot of problems getting published, so he worked odd jobs as a English teacher and a tax collector. He “remained in Paris and wrote what he called ‘Epiphanies’” (Charters 752), these were thoughts or over heard conversations that he would later use to write his fictions. Joyce moved around continental Europe and lived in a few countries. While living in Trieste, Italy, the couple welcomed two children, Giorgio and Lucia. Joyce published many stories during his life, some of the most popular being “The Dubliners” and “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man”. In his later life Joyce had many problems with his eyesight and he had to have several surgeries to correct the problem. Even with all his efforts, he was almost blind before he died. “Joyce took ill while living in Zurich, Switzerland, with a perforated duodenal ulcer” (Fargnoli). He had surgery to try to fix the problem. “Initially it seemed to have been a success, but early in the morning of January 13th, less than three weeks before his 59th birthday, Joyce died”(Fargnoli). Joyce was considered one of the great writers of his time, and “even though he cut himself off from his country, his family, and his church, these three are the basis upon which he structured his art” (James Joyce)

James Joyce’s “Araby” is about a young unnamed boy who lives in Dublin, Ireland in a priest’s old house. He tells us about life on his street and in his home. He falls in love with his friend and neighbor’s, Mangan, sister, but he is too shy to spark up a conversation with her. When he finally builds up enough courage to talk to the girl, they speak about a local bazaar called the Araby which the girl desires to attend. She is unable to go because she has a previous commitment, so the boy says that he will go and get her something nice. By the time the boy gets there it was late and most of the stalls are closed, so he is not able to get a trinket for the girl. He is gravely disappointed by the situation. In Joyce’s “Araby”, there are multiple themes and symbols....
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