Linguistics and Stylistic Analysis

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Stylistics
Lecture 2
Source: Halliday: ?

Objectives
You should be able to: 1. Define of the term stylistics 2. Explain the task of the stylistician 3. Explain the different phases of stylistic analysis 4. Explain what is involved in stylistic analysis. 5. Explain the difference between stylistics and discourse analysis

Stylistics
• Definition: • Halliday defines a stylistician as someone who can comprehend literary texts through a comprehension of their language structures. literary texts language structures.

• Basically, this means that Halliday defines stylistics as: “The linguistic analysis of literary texts.”

What is involved in stylistic analysis?
1. A literary text is looked at as made of language 2. A literary text is seen to consist of patterns and properties which are part of language 3. Those patterns of language can be at the level of: • The arrangement of graphic and phonic symbols • The lexico-grammatical patterns • The semantic and pragmatic patterns

Phases of Stylistic Analysis

Steps

Two phases: • The analytic phase
• The interpretive phase

The Analytic phase
• The task of stylistician is to select from the thousands of linguistic features in the literary text those which are worthy of studying in a particular literary text.

The Interpretive phase
• The stylistician: 1. Shows how linguistic features form coherent, integrated patterns 2. Makes judgments about the significance of such patterns in relation to the context of the work as a whole.

Goals of stylistic analysis
1. To show why and how the text means what it means (linguistically). (This is shared between D.A. and stylistics)

2. To show why the literary text is valued as it is. In other words, it is interested in showing how the text is unique in itself. (Only stylistics)

D. A. & Stylistics
Stylistics • showing the uniqueness of the text we are analyzing.

Discourse Analysis
• showing how the text analyzed is not unique: It is typical...
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