Moch Fajar Akbar63708014
FACULTY OF LETTERS
INDONESIA UNIVERSITY OF COMPUTER
STYLE, TONE, AND MOOD
Style is the use of literary devices, tone, and mood in a particular way that makes author’s writing recognizable. In another word, the style of writing is the style of author who writes it. The author’s style can be recognized by the following components: • Personal word choice or vocabulary
• Types of sentences
• Point of view from which the text is told
• Organization of the text
To analyze an author style, we need to consider the point of view, formal or informal writing, structure of text, level of complexity in the writing, and overall tone. By using these features in writing, different meaning of the content are shown to the audience.
Categories of Style
The following are some characters of formal style:
• Vocabulary: high-level; business-like
• Organization of text: very structured; perhaps with subtopics • Audience – usually 3rd-omnisicient point of view
• Sentences: structure varies (simple sentence/compound sentence/complex sentence) Informal Style
The following are some characters of informal style:
• Vocabulary: low-level; perhaps slang; dialogue style • Organization of text: more so narrative or note-like • Audience: usually personal (more first or third-limited point of view) • Sentences: mostly simple or compound sentences
Organization of Text
Writing is organized in various ways, depending upon the author’s purpose: to inform, to entertain, to express a belief or opinion, and to persuade.
Text usually falls within one of these types of organizational patterns: • Cause - Effect
• Problem - Solution
• Chronological (sequencing the order of events)
• Inductive (specific to general)
• Deductive (general to specific)
• Division into categories
Tone is the author’s attitude toward the writing (his characters, the situation) and the readers. A work of writing can have more than one tone. An example of tone could be both serious and humorous. Tone is set by the setting, choice of vocabulary and other details.
Identifying the tone is all about knowing the definitions of many descriptive vocabulary words. In literature an author sets the tone through words. The possible tones are as boundless as the number of possible emotions a human being can have. Has anyone ever said to you, "Don't use that tone of voice with me?" Your tone can change the meaning of what you say. Tone can turn a statement like, "You're a big help!" into a genuine compliment or a cruel sarcastic remark. It depends on the context of the story.
Mood is the general atmosphere created by the author’s words. It is the feeling the reader gets from reading those words. It may be the same, or it may change from situation to situation.
Mood is the emotions that you (the reader) feel while you are reading. Some literature makes you feel sad, others joyful, still others, angry. The main purpose for some poems is to set a mood. Writers use many devices to create mood, including images, dialogue, setting, and plot. Often a writer creates a mood at the beginning of the story and continues it to the end. However, sometimes the mood changes because of the plot or changes in characters. Examples of moods include: suspenseful, joyful, depressing, excited, anxious, angry, sad, tense, lonely, suspicious, frightened, disgusted, etc.
STYLE, TONE, AND MOOD
1. STYLE OF LANDLADY
Informal style is applied in the short story Landlady. The style can be recognized by these components below: • Personal word choice or vocabulary: