Life Span Perspective Paper

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Life Span Perspective
Jonathan Adley
June 14, 2012
University of Phoenix

Life Span Perspective
From the time a person is brought into this world by birth till the day they pass away is called a person’s lifespan. The different stage’s a person goes through as he or she develops is called lifespan development. In this paper I will explain the life span perspective of development and summarize two theories of life span development. I will then explain how heredity and the environment interact to individual differences in development. The perspective of lifespan development understands the ongoing changes which happen in development. Piaget and Freud have opposite theories when it comes to lifespan development. Piaget’s theory is based off of cognitive development which happens over a person’s life, whereas the theory that Freud uses is his basis of id, ego, and superego. The nature versus nurture is more than viewpoints in lifespan development but they affect who and how an individual will be. Lifespan development happens from the time of birth till death happens as an individual grows and develops. The outlook in association to human development will be lifelong, and the theories of lifespan development seen in Piaget and Freud, while the influences of a person’s life is nature and nurture. An individual’s lifespan begins as a fetus and as it develops and matures in the women’s womb in the first nine months while becoming a human being male or female will carry on its stages of life. “The study of human development is a science seeking to understand how humans change over their lifetime (Berger, 2008).” The changes that she or he goes through as they grow can be steady, predictable, linear gradual, but generally none of these take place among the changes. The common stages during lifespan from beginning to end is birth, infancy, adolescence, adulthood, old age, and finally to the time of death. To define lifespan development it is smart to bring up that humans during their span of life, to work, learn to communicate, learn from relationships and love. Consider that these developments go into the viewpoint of development. There is a lifelong relationship between human development lifespan perspectives. There are three development domains in lifespan perspective. “These domains are physical domain, cognitive domain, and social domain. Physical development refers to the growth of the body, organs, physical systems, signs of aging, change in motor abilities, and all physical changes (Sigelman & Rider, 2009).” The following development has mental process, problem solving, perception, learning language, and memory from the cognitive point of view with development. The very last developmental stage is psychosocial stage; this phase takes care of the interpersonal and personal feature of development. Psychosocials developmental traits are: interpersonal skills, family, personality traits, roles motives emotions, society, and relationships. “Lifespan development also has five characteristics useful for understanding any age of human development (Berger, 2008).” Multidirectional characteristics explanations for the change in any direction, for it do not have to be in a straight line. Inserting in the lives of human context can consist of constraints such as, historical conditions and family patterns, which these characteristic refer back to multicontextual characteristics. Something else that defines a person is his or her cultural, and multicultural which is in lifespan development. “Academic fields can also contribute data and insights to human growth such fields of study are: religion, anthropology, genetics, neuroscience, sociology, psychology, biology, along with many others in the multidisciplinary characters of development. The last of the five developmental characteristics is plasticity, which states that every person has traits that can be altered at any point in life, and change is...
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