Life in Rural and Urban Socities

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CBSE-i CLASS VI -POLITICAL SCIENCE STUDENT’S MANUAL UNIT II:

RURAL AND URBAN SOCIETY (PART-I)

LIFE IN RURAL AND URBAN SOCIETY:
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS.

CONTENT
 Society: Its definition and its types  Comparative Analysis:  The differences between the urban and the rural society on the basis of: a) Living conditions. b) Educational facilities. c) Nature of employment opportunities/ d) Occupations in the rural and the urban society. e) Availability of communication facilities in the rural and the urban society. f) Choices of goods and services in both the societies.

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CBSE-i CLASS VI -POLITICAL SCIENCE STUDENT’S MANUAL

INTRODUCTION
DEFINITION OF SOCIETY AND ITS TYPES Society is a condition of those living in companionship with others or in a community rather than in isolation. It is a group of people related to each other on the basis of certain factors such as social status, roles and social networks.

“Rural society” is a sparsely settled and primarily an agricultural region. In the rural society the important activities are the production of foodstuff, fibers and raw materials. Rural areas are large and isolated areas with low population density. “Urban society” relates to or is concerned with a city or densely populated area with developed civic amenities, industries and commerce rather than agriculture.

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CBSE-i CLASS VI -POLITICAL SCIENCE STUDENT’S MANUAL

LET’S IDENTIFY!  Identify the kind of society in which you live in taking cues from the pictures and list out any four things that you like and dislike about your society in the notebook.

Differences between urban and rural society The differences between a rural life and a city life are remarkable. Both the rural life and the city life have their advantages as well as disadvantages.

1.

LIVING

In the rural life, we see an abundance of nature, simplicity and ease. It is free from worries and anxieties of the world. Most of the rural households are very simple. Rural areas are not crowded with concrete constructions all over. Houses are rather widely spaced with ample room for fields and gardens. Rural areas are some of the only areas fortunate enough to house the greens. People in the rural areas live in close proximity of the nature. Apart from people, there are rooms for pets and grazing animals that help maintain equilibrium in nature. On the other hand, urban life provides us with all that we want to lead a comfortable and luxurious life. Huge constructions, large housing complexes, skyscrapers are found in most of the urban metropolitan cities. However, life in the city is very complex and difficult. People lead a mechanical life. 3

CBSE-i CLASS VI -POLITICAL SCIENCE STUDENT’S MANUAL

A GOOD OLD WAY OF LIFE There are the wise and the old, and the young, who want to learn, There’s the hard working not so olds, their fortunes try to earn, Farming’s got a grip on them, they know no other way, Come hail or rain or sunshine, it’s just another day, From early in the morning, till after dark at night, For crops and stock their caring, they are their delight. Working hard day by day, in a green and pleasant land, Don’t have time to stand and stare, have a good look around, Take in the beauty where, they work the fields the trees n lanes All the years of care and sweat, well outweighs the pains. It’s just a good old way of life, their families there to rear, Health and hope and happiness, the harvest brings good cheer. OWED Fred Countryman  What kind of society the poet is talking about?

2. EDUCATION

A Rural School

An Urban School

URBAN AND RURAL EDUCATION: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS


There are many schools in cities and towns whereas sometimes the schools are distantly located in the villages and the rural areas.

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CBSE-i CLASS VI -POLITICAL SCIENCE STUDENT’S MANUAL


Transportation facilities are provided in the urban schools whereas children in the rural areas have to walk miles to reach...
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