Traditional and Nontraditional Cultures
Comparing traditional and nontraditional cultures is one significant element in the psychology field known as Cross-cultural psychology. In cross-cultural psychology the underlying causes and effects of cultural diversity are examined. This field is a comparative field that involves analyzing behaviors between cultures and how cultural norms can vary. This paper will discuss the comparisons and contrasts among rural and urban African American cultures in reference to cross-cultural psychology. The values, beliefs, and behaviors among each of the cultures will be examined. A culture is established once a group of people share common beliefs, attitudes, behaviors, symbols, and religion. Cultural beliefs are passed down from one generation to the next. According to "Cross Cultural Psychology" (2012), “Behavior can be strongly influenced through biological tendencies; however, all behavior can be influenced by experience. Culture remains one important factor shaping individual behavior through customized sets of attitudes, beliefs, and values shared by a large population of region (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).” Values
The values among rural and urban cultures have similarities and differences. Values are based on “beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something)", according to “Webster” (2012). A pure rural family lives within a much smaller populated area than a pure urban family. Rural families tend to have closer ties to the community because it is a less populated area. Urban families that live in a city have a tendency to spend less time at community functions because they are generally not as close knit. Rural families rely on the value system passed down to them from their ancestors and they place these values and beliefs high on their importance level. The values of an urban family are not completely different from the rural family, but certain things have...
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