Discuss the reasons for the increase of life expectancy over the last century. Life expectancy is ‘the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age’ (Sullivan 2003). There are a number of factors why life expectancy has increased in the last century. One of the reasons is because there is better health care then there was 100 years ago. Health a century used to be poor. In the last century health care has improved greatly including managing diseases better and now they have an improvement in technology that can detect illness earlier and therefore become treatable.’ Today doctors have access to a greater number of equipment and tests to assist in diagnosing illnesses as little a common cold to a rare genetic disorder.’(2012) When we are born and growing up we now have vaccines to protect us from diseases and this is another example how health care has improved. There is also better medicine nowadays. A hundred years ago there was hardly any medicine and therefore when people caught diseases they would die from lack of care. Now a doctor can diagnose you and then treat the illness or disease affectively with medication. Medication can now help with the recovery of a disease or stop it completely, whereas a hundred years ago the types of medicines given where poor and did not help the patients properly. Another reason for life expectancy is a hundred years ago there was wars happening and people was dying because of this. Even if they didn’t get killed their wounds wouldn’t heal properly because of the lack of health care and therefore they would die anyway. And when wars were going on the living conditions were poor so there was a higher risk of catching diseases and therefore lowering the life expectancy. In conclusion the reason there has been an increase in life expectancy is because there is overall better care then there was a century ago. ‘In 1901 females would expect to live to 49, and men to 45. Now we can expect to live till we are...
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