Library Management System

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CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

One of the significance step is research project is conducting a literature review. Through this chapter, the readers can familiarize to the study of researcher. The related and previous studies presented in this chapter will give the readers and future researchers, an idea of the proposed system of the proponent. The proponent selected and reviewed these studies and previous works to provide information to the readers

2.1 Related Literature

The researcher gathered information related to their study to prove the effectiveness of the proposed system. This information was based on the knowledge of the expert which served as guide to the researcher to pursue the study.

2.1.1 Foreign Literature

A computer reservations system CRS is a computerized system used to store and retrieve information and conduct transactions related to air travel. Originally designed and operated by airlines, CRSes were later extended for the use of travel agencies; major CRS operations that book and sell tickets for multiple airlines are known as global distribution systems (GDS). Airlines have divested most of their direct holdings to dedicated GDS companies, who make their systems accessible to consumers through Internet gateways. Modern GDSes typically allow users to book hotel rooms and rental cars as well as airline tickets. They also provide access to railway reservations in some markets although these are not always integrated with the main system. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_reservations_system]

Since computer power was the critical resource, efficiency of processing became the main goal. Emphasis was placed on automating existing process such as purchasing or paying, often within single department [Jeffrey A. Hofer on Modern System Analysis and Design (1996).]

Automation is the use of control systems (such as numerical control, programmable logic control, and other industrial control systems), in concert with other applications of information technology (such as computer-aided technologies), to control industrial machinery and processes, reducing the need for human intervention. In the scope of industrialization, automation is a step beyond mechanization. Whereas mechanization provided human operators with machinery to assist them with the muscular requirements of work, automation greatly reduces the need for human sensory and mental requirements as well. Processes and systems can also be automated.

Hotel Management system is an in-house Windows based application used by businesses to automate their day-to-day operations such as room bookings, reservations, check-in or check-out. Hotel reservation software is developed for suitable works of the following types of accommodation like Hotels, Motels and Guesthouses, University accommodation letting, Cottages, Villas, Cabins, Hostels or Any other room booking which is to be managed on a day-to-day basis. [http://www.hotelsoftwarepro.com/]

The propose system uses database which database is a system for quick search and retrieval of information from a database. The Database Management determines how data are stored and retrieved. It must address problems such as security, accuracy, consistency among different records, response time, and memory requirements. These issues are most significant for database systems on computer networks. Ever-higher processing speeds are required for efficient database management. Relational DBMS, in which data are organized into a series of tables ("relations") that are easily reorganized for accessing data in different ways, are the most widely used today. [http://www.answers.com/topic/database-management-system]

2.1.2 Local Literature

A computer makes doing most almost easier, since it is an electronic device. It operates a high speed of electric flow which is measured in trillions of a second. These high-speed of results are also...
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