Learning Styles

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I. Introduction
. . Each of us learns and processes information in our own special style,

although we share some learning patterns, preferences, and approaches A

personal learning style is the biological and developmental set of

characteristics that make identical instructional environments, methods and

resources effective for some learners ineffective for others.

II. Objective

Enumerate and identify the different learning styles.

III. Discussion

THE DUNN and DUNN LEARNING STYLE MODEL

This model was developed by Dr. Kenneth and Rita Dunn. They defined

learning style as “the way in which each individual learner begins to

concentrate on, process, absorb and retain new and different information ”.

According to this model, there are at least 22 items in the learning

preferences menu and these are grouped under five major categories:

environmental, physiological, social, emotional and psychological. It defines

learning style as the sum of an individual learning preferences in all those

categories.

A. ENVIRONMENTAL surroundings
* Sound : quiet, loud
* Light : low, bright
* Temperature : cool, warm
* Design : formal, informal
B. EMOTIONAL needs
* Motivation : intrinsic, extrinsic
* Responsibility: conforming, noncomforming
* Persistence : stable, unstable
* Structure: have to, must
C. SOCIOLOGICAL needs
* Self: individualist
* Pair: working in pairs
* Peer: learn with a group
* Team: colleagues
* Adult: authority
* Varied: in any combination
D. PHYSICAL needs
* Perceptual : visual, auditory, tactile, kinaesthetic
* Intake
* Time of Day
* Mobility
E. PSYCHOLOGICAL abilities
* Analytic
* Global
* Impulsive
* Reflective

IV. Conclusion

The learning style preferences of individuals...
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