PARTS| TOPIC| PAGE NO|
PART I| BRIEF HISTORY| 1|
PART II| RELATED TERMS| 2|
PART III| AMN USED IN INDIA| 9|
PART IV| AMN OF THE WORLD| 5|
PART V| AGL AMN USED IN INDIA| 12|
PART VI| AGL AMN OF THE WORLD| 12|
PART VII| RECOMMENDATIONS| 28|
1.There is an old saying among artillery men that their weapon is not the gun. It is the ammunition/shell, and the gun is only the last stage in transportation from the factory to the target. The same applies to all fire arms as they are merely devices for discharging bullets, shells, bombs/projectiles of one sort or another which are the things destined to have the desired effect on the enemy target. Without ammunition the finest firearm is merely an expensive club or at best, a handle for a bayonet, while a piece of artillery with no ammunition is no more than an ornament.
2.But for all its importance, ammunition is usually taken for granted : received, loaded, fired and if it does not work the firer gets more aggrieved even if he does not know why it failed. Yet it is a fascinating topic on its own. Many a weapon which appeared to have reached the end of its usefulness has been revitalized and given a new lease of life by nothing more than redesigning the ammunition for it, and many weapons have their effectiveness enhanced by new and improved ammunition. It is impossible to have a complete understanding of a weapon unless there is complete understanding of the ammunition as well.
3. The conflict in Afghanistan, Iraq and the Kargil war with its emphasis on targeting specific enemy individuals while avoiding collateral damage, demands the use of wpns of high precision and limited destructive effect. As a result, inf small arms have a much more prominent role than that expected in conventional high-intensity warfare and this is highlighting the performance of their amn to a greater extent than ever before. Now that several nations have started the process of defining their reqmts for the next generation of small arms, this is a rare opportunity to ask the question: is the present combination of 5.56 and 7.62 mm rifle and machine gun amn optimal, or could we do better in the next generation.
PART – I BRIEF HISTORY
3.Although ammunition has been in existence since the initial days of firearms in the 14th century, it remained at a fairly static stage of development for the first 400 years. It was not till the industrial revolution got into stride in the mind-19th century that gun design began to show some advances, and with this came improvements in ammunition. The activity of designers and manufactures in the 1880s and 1890s showed its effect is South Africa and Russo- Japenese wars of the early 20th century. These wars led to improvements and innovations development its greatest impetus. The First World War produced new techniques of warfare which demanded new type of ammunition. The arrival of military aircraft, for example, brought the first aerial bombs, but is also led to the development of special ammunition of shooting at the aircraft that were dropping these bombs.
Old ammunition used during the early 17th century
4.Bullets for black powder, or muzzle loading firearms, were classically molded from pure lead. This worked well for low speed bullets, fired at velocities of less than 300 m/s (100 ft/s). for slightly higher speed bullets fired in modern firearms, a harder alloy of lead and tin or typesetter’s lead (used to mould Linotype) works very well. For even higher speed bullet use, jacketed coated lead bullets are used. The common element in all these, lead is widely used because it is highly dense, thereby providing a high amount of mass and thus, kinetic energy for a given volume). Lead is also cheep, easy to obtain, and melts at a low temperature, making it easy for use in fabricating bullets.
5.The advances made during the First World war were consolidated and refined during...