It refers to any material made through weaving,knitting,spreading,crocheting or bonding that may be used in productionof further goods(garments etc).
->it is used in clothing purpose mostly.
->it is used in industrial as well as scientific purpose. ->it is used in household purposes.
->it is used in making day to day products.
->it is used in making even footwear these days.
Types of fabrics
Advantage of fabric
Beauty: fabric cast concentrate is distinguished by its soft curves and immaculately detailed surfaces offerings unique forms of architectural beauty to concrete products and construction.
Material reduction-fabrics forms use hundreads of times less material than conventional rigid form work.
Cost saving: fabrics forms cost for less than rigid forms due to the efficiency of the tensile only membrane.in addition,certain fabrics can used many times over.
Improve concentrate quality: permeable fabrics improve surface finish,compressions,strength and impermeability by filtering air bubbles and excess mix water from the wet concentrate.
Disadvantage of Fabrics
->As to sum up in the disadvantages of Fabrics. The most disadvantageous is synthetic fabrics. The main problem is that we use synthetic material all around us. This fills our planet with waste material that takes the natural hundreads of years to decompose. Recycling is most often possible but the cost of producing new is often less than the cost of recycling. ->sensitive against chemicals and shrinks easily when washed in wrong way ->its hard to stretch
->it’s a good conductor of electricity
->it burns easily
->its hard to iron
I would like to thank first of all our Closing Department teacher Mrs. Prachi for giving me this project so that I can know more and more about the topic and I also thank her for her continuous help. And I cannot end this page without thanking my dear friends who was my support always while completing the project.
FORMATION OF FABRIC
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BRADING| | SWARP-KNITTING| | WEAVING
Weaving is the interlacing of warp and filling yarns perpendicular to each other. There are practically an endless number of ways of interlacing warp and filling yarns. Each different way results in a different fabric structure.BRADING Braiding is probably the simplest way of fabric formation. Diagonal interlacing of yams forms a braided fabric. Although there are two sets of yarns involved in the process, these are not called warps and fillings as in the case of woven fabrics. Each set of yarns moves in an opposite direction. Braiding does not require shedding, filling insertion, and beat up. The yarns do not have to go through harnesses and reed. Braiding is generally classified as two-dimensional and three-dimensional braiding. Two-dimensional braiding includes circular and flat braids. The application of two-dimensional braiding is very limited in apparel manufacturing. Three-dimensional braiding is a relatively new topic, and mainly developed for industrial composite materials.KNITTING Knitting is interlooping of one yarn system into vertical columns and horizontal rows of loops called wales provides unique characteristics to the knit fabrics compared to woven and braided fabrics. Practically, there are an endless number of knit fabric structures. Knit fabrics are widely used in apparel and home furnishings. They are also used in technical...