What technical and social changes occurred in the textile industry in England in the late 18th and early 19th century that warrants it to be called ‘a revolution’?
The textile industry revolution that evolved in the late 18th century in Western Northern England warrants itself to be called a revolution due to it’s social and technical impact on the society at that time. The revolutionary methods of production of textile goods have began to heavily depend on machinery, rather than human power. Such drastic changes have resulted in a global urbanization which has originated in Western England and rapidly spread across the world, involving a development of various new systems, such as the transportation system, the system of wages, the sewage and even a new systematic approach to the way buildings were built.
Originally, the process of making clothes has required a large amount of time due to the clothes being made in people’s homes by one spinster. Many different time consuming tasks had to be carried out before a fabric was ready to be sewn. Wool was mainly used to manufacture from due to it’s low cost as sheep could easily be bred in the cold climate of the Northern Hemisphere, while cotton was only worn by very few wealthier people. Before the revolution, the wool had to be spun on a Spinning Jenny and following that, woven. Only after the two processes were carried out, the fabric could then be sewn into a piece of clothe that was uncomfortable and unpleasant to wear. As times progressed, people have attempted using horse power instead of human power to complete the tasks which too, resulted in being inefficient and time consuming. Next step to the production of textile evolution was the switch to use of water power which provided the necessary efficiency, speed and cost to the manufacture, however has disabled people from an option of choice of location as factories then had to be located next to a river. This has resulted in rapid and severe water...
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