King Hammurabi was the sixth ruler of ancient Babylon from 1792BCE to 1750BCE. He is best known for creating the earliest set of written laws known as Hammurabi’s code. The code of Hammurabi consists of 252 laws and penalties. King Hammurabi developed this set of laws to promote the welfare of people and establish a system of justice.
The code of Hammurabi reveals a lot about the Babylonian social structure. If someone from a higher social class was to commit a crime the punishment would not be as harsh as someone form a lower social class would be. Punishments varied according to the wealth of the individual. Women had lower class stature and were not treated as equally as men. Hammurabi’s code represents Babylon as a strict country and is also known as an “eye for eye”, if you do something bad to a person the court will do the same thing to you
Hammurabi’s code is made up of harsh punishments. These punishments were created as deterrent; he wanted to put fear in people so they would not commit the crime. People were held responsible for their own actions. The code established weights and measurements and it enforced penalties for selling short weights and measures. The code of Hammurabi does not suggest religious or magical beliefs, it is simply based on equal retaliation.
King Hammurabi developed a written set of laws to bring order to chaos and to find a civilized way of settling disputes. Societies needed order and laws help create that order. Hammurabi enforced these laws to better the people. Hammurabi’s code set the groundwork for many legal systems today.
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