Juvinle Delinquency

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UNIVERSITY OF LA VERNE

POINT MUGU, CALIFORNIA

THEORIES AND CAUSES OF JUVENILE DEVIANCE

A Paper Prepared for Research Methods

In Partial Fulfillment of

The Requirements for the Degree

Bachelor of Science in Criminology

Dale M. Woodard

July 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE

CHAPTER

I. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………..… 2

Relevance of the Study……………………………………………. 3

Relevant Terms………………...………………………………….. 4

II. REVIEW OF LITERATURE………………………………………... 6

Theories and Causes of Juvenile Delinquency………………….. 6

III. METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………...10

IV. CONCLUSION..….…………………………………………………..13

REFERENCES……….….…………………………………………………15

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

I have completed a research paper on sociological deviance and found it very interesting. I learned about the different types of perspectives dealing with deviance and the theories that correspond with those perspectives. I learned that the definition of deviance has not changed with regard to social norms, but in fact, the social norms have changed redefining sociological deviance. For example, years ago a person that was gay or lesbian was considered a deviant, now in this day and age seeing someone that is gay or lesbian is a common daily experience.

Researching this topic gave me a better understanding of not only social deviance, but also how it relates to our troubled youth. Understanding how children see deviance or how they interact with criminally deviant behavior will undoubtedly assist me with understanding the complete topic of deviance.

There are two ways of defining deviance: the normative and the relativistic perspectives. The normative perspective puts emphasis on the individual performing the deviant act, while the relativistic perspective focuses on people’s reaction to the person performing the deviant act. In this regard, deviance can be defined either as the person or behavior that violates social norms, or regarded by others to be a violation of social norms (Goode, 2001). This paper will be dealing mostly with the normative perspective in relation to the criminal deviance within juveniles.

Relevance of the Study

Youth crimes have been an issue for several years and they are becoming more frequent every year. Causes of juvenile delinquency or deviance can be as simple as the lack of parental supervision, peer pressure, or just the simple psychological stress placed on most kids of today. Understanding juvenile deviance or delinquency is the first step in preventing children from acting out in anti-social behavior.

“What are the theories and causes of criminal deviance in juveniles?”

Relevant Terms

Anome is a state or condition of individuals or society characterized by a breakdown or absence of social norms and values, as in the case of uprooted people.

Assimilation is the process in which one group takes on the cultural and other traits of a larger group.

Disintegration is the loss of unity, cohesion, or integrity within an individual.

Neutralization techniques are theoretical series of methods by which those who commit illegitimate acts temporarily neutralize certain values within themselves which would normally prohibit them from carrying out such acts, such as morality, obligation to abide by the law, and so on

Normative perspective offers sociologists a straightforward formula for reducing the bewildering diversity of deviant phenomena to a common denominator.

Relativistic perspective is the ability of a person to acquire knowledge is limited to the nature of the mind and the environment.

Reactive conduct is when a youth demonstrates a greater tendency to...
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