With the fast pace development in our country, we notice lots of changes appearing in the climate, the environment, society, our educational system and then the behaviour of our children Reports in various researches and surveys show an increase in delinquent behaviour of the students aged 14-20 years. Children committing crimes in developed countries were kind of a common problem but recently remarkable crimes were seen on an increase in Indian schools also. Children studying in reputed schools and belonging to good families have been involved in serious crimes like sexual abuse, attempt to murder robbery and many more. The question arises here, what made these children act in this manner, and if this is the cost we have to pay in return of the development in our country and rise in our living standards, then are we mentally and materialistically prepared to accept and fight or deal with such conditions of our upcoming generation.
What is Juvenile Delinquency?
Crime committed by children and adolescents under statutory age is called juvenile delinquency. A juvenile delinquent is one who is a minor with major problems. The age limit and also the meaning of delinquency vary in most countries, but it is always below 18 years. Generally, any person between the ages 7 to 18, who violates the law, is considered as delinquent and persons above this age are considered as criminals. The incidence of delinquency is rising amongst the girls also. Juvenile delinquency is one of the most serious problems of our times. It basically means anti-social behaviour. The different forms of delinquent behaviour include loitering, loafing, pick-pocketing, stealing, gambling, sexual offences like eve teasing, etc. The rate of delinquency is rising very fast all over the world and one of the main suspected reasons could be the negligence of parents
TYPES OF DELIQUENCY
a) Individual delinquency:
This refers to delinquency in which only one individual is involved in committing a delinquent act and its cause is located within the individual delinquent. Most of the explanations of this delinquent behaviour come from psychiatrists. Their argument is that delinquency is caused by psychological problems stemming primarily from defective/faulty/pathological family interaction patterns. Their most important finding was that over 90 per cent of the delinquents compared to 13 per cent of their non-delinquent siblings had unhappy home lives and felt discontented with their life circumstances. The nature of unhappiness differed: some felt rejected by parents and others felt either inferior or jealous of siblings or suffered from mental conflict. They indulged in delinquency as a solution to these problems, as it (delinquency) either brought attention from parents or provided support from peers or reduced their guilt feelings. Later studies also identified important aspects of family relations leading to delinquencies Thus, father-son rather than mother-son relations seemed more crucial in delinquency, as delinquent boys could not internalise moral values because of the absence of good role models in their fathers. In addition, their discipline was also more harsh and stern. (b) Group-supported delinquency:
In this type, delinquencies are committed in companionship with others and the cause is located not in the personality of the individual or in the delinquent's family but in the culture of the individual's home and neighbourhood. Unlike the psychogenic explanations, this set of ideas focuses on what is learnt and who it is learnt from rather than on the problems that might produce motivation to commit delinquencies. (c) Organised delinquency:
This type refers to delinquencies that are committed by formally organised groups. These delinquencies were analysed in the United States in the 1950s and the concept of 'delinquent subculture' was developed. This concept refers to the set of values and norms that guide the behaviour of group...