Justin Martyr

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The greatest Christian Apologist and martyr, in the turn of the second century, who stood firm in defending the belief of Christianity, was the great philosopher and early Christian apologist and martyr - Justin Martyr. Justin Martyr (100-165CE), was born in Samaria, near Jacob’s well, around turn of the century in modern day Palestine. Justin was a Gentile and well educated, who has traveled extensively in search for the life’s meaning in the philosophies of his day. In Justin’s child hood, his parents provided good education in rhetoric, poetry, and history. His study’s in various school started from Alexandria and Ephesus, began with the Stoics, Ari/sto/tel/ians, Py/tha/gor/eans, and Plat/on/ists, “earnestly longing after knowledge of Devine things.” His First teacher was a stoic who “knew nothing of God and did not even think knowledge of him to be necessary.” There followed a Per/i/pat/etic (itinerant philosopher), who seemed most interested in getting his fees. Then, came a Py/tha/gor/ean, but his required course of music, astronomy, and geometry discourage Justin’s interested. Finally, Plat/on/ism, through intellectually demanding, proved unfulfilling for Justin’s hunger heart. With his refined perceptions, from various studies, he became a disciple of Socrates and Plato. While in Ephesus, Justin was impressed by the devotion of Christian martyrs. One day, while Justin was strolling by the seashore, a old Christian man walked beside Justin and spoke to him about Jesus as the fulfillment of the promises made through the Jewish prophets. Justin was overwhelmed. For Justin said, “straightway a flame was kindled in my soul, and a love of the prophets and those man who had loved Christ; I reflected on all their words and found that this philosophy alone was true and profitable. That is how and why I became a philosopher. And I wish that everyone felt the same why that I do.” In turn, these lead Justin to eventually convert to Christianity. In accordance to his believe, Christianity filled the highest aspiration of the Platonic philosophy and was, therefore, “true philosophy.” The conversion of such a man marks a new era in the gospel histories, which in turn lead Justin to be the first Christina author, Defender of the Christian and the founder of theological literature. And from reading his writing, I chose to write and pick Justin as my oral speech because I am true believer in defending my believe as a Christian also. The writing of Justin Martyr that I am focused on are the First and Second Apology and the Dialogue of Trypho. For my oral presentation, I will be presenting a brief overview of the works of Justin’s Manuscript that Justin Martyr. First main point of Justin Martyr’s main works are the First and second apology. The definition of Apologetics is the verbal defense of the Faith, for example by dispelling inaccurate stereotypes or by re-presenting doctrine in language that is more accessible to non-believers. The goal of apologetics is to persuasively answer honest objections that keep people from faith in Jesus Christ. In Contact with Geek Philosophy and Literature, while facing persecutions, there began a period call the Apologists, who tried to justify and defend the Christian Doctrine against attacks from within the Hellenistic world. Justin, as a Apologist wrote the First apology, to addressed to Anoninus Pius and his two adopted sons. Justin’s essay begins with the demand to investigate accusations and explains and defends the Christians believe and do. The key points of the First apology are as follows: 1. By “The Name” of Christianity should not be the reason to punish or persecute. a.He addresses to the Emperor that unless evil actions has been committed by the Christian’s, they should not be punished nor persecuted. (1 Apology, Ch. 4). b.Within the compound of the Christians, there are evil doers and those should be punished but not those who...
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