Jazz Guide Book

Topics: Minor scale, Relative key, Musical notation Pages: 1220 (197269 words) Published: March 15, 2013

INTRODUCTION I. REVIEW of BASIC THEORY MATERIALS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Chromatic Scale Intervals and Inversions Major Scale Construction Minor Scale Construction Circle of Fifths Scale Degree Names Key Signatures and Order of Accidentals Common Notation Errors II. RHYTHM in JAZZ PERFORMANCE 10 11 12 15 18 19 21 22 28 29 38 41 42 47 48 Polyrhythms Swing Eighth Note Accents and Articulations Rhythmic Roles Harmonic Rhythm in Jazz Performance The Larger View: Form as Rhythmic Structure Placement of the Notes Syncopation Studies Syncopation in the Jazz Waltz Polyrhythms in Performance Clave Beat Odd Meters Mixed Meters Rhythmic Reading and Dictation Exercises Other Suggested Exercises Reading Exercises III. BASIC TONAL MATERIALS 52 55 56 60 60 64 Tonality Pitch Hierarchy Ear Training Beginning Singing Exercises Beginning Writing Exercises Beginning Tunes for Ear Training Application IV. TRIADIC GENERALIZATION 69 70 72 74 78 79 80 Tertian Triad Triadic Generalization Elaboration Devices Passing Tones Neighbor Tones Neighbor Tone Combinations Arpeggiated Tones Chromatic Approaches Octave Displacement and Leaps Pedal Point and Pivot Tones

80 84 86 87 88 90 91 92 93

Triadic Musical Examples Triad Motive Developed Triadic Embellishment of C Major Triad Triadic Embellishment of C Minor Triad Pentatonic Scale Blues Scales Blue Notes Blues Scale Musical Examples Major Blues Scale Minor Blues Scale Combinations of Major and Minor Blues Scales Generalization Examples Applied V. DIATONIC HARMONY

95 96 98 99 100 104 106

Diatonic Harmony: Major Inversions Functional Harmony Determining the Key Chord Identification Practice Diatonic Harmony: Minor Determining the Key Chord Identification Practice Solved VI. HARMONIC PROGRESSIONS

108 109 110 112 114 121 122 126 127 129 132

Common Root Movement Common Progressions in Major Common Progressions in Minor Application of Harmonic Analysis Hierarchy of Chords Closely Related Keys Secondary Dominants Deceptive Resolutions Dominant Seventh Chords and Deceptive Resolutions Diminished Seventh Chords and Deceptive Resolutions Value and Limits of Roman Numeral Analysis (RNA) Dominant Chord Exceptions Tritone Substitution Traditional Augmented Sixth Chords Backdoor Dominants VII. HARMONIC ANALYSIS

135 136 137 138 139 140 141

Roman Numeral Analysis with Common Jazz Progressions Progressions that Modulate to Closely Related Keys Turnaround Tunes Progresses to IV with Secondary ii7/IV - V7/IV Progresses to vi with Secondary iiø7/vi - V7/vi Uses Secondary viio7 Chords Uses Cycle of Secondary Dominants Chords Borrowed From Parallel Minor Tunes With Similar A Sections Modulates to Remote Keys Progressions Shown With RNA

151 152 156 164 169 170 177

VIII. HARMONIC SUBSTITUTIONS and TURNAROUNDS Turnaround Progressions Application to Standard Progressions Harmonic Substitutions for Blues in F Major Harmonic Substitutions for Blues in F Minor Harmonic Substitutions for Rhythm Changes Standard Tune Application IX. HARMONIC SPECIFICITY 179 180 181 182 184 188 189 193 197 203 206 221 Specificity and Generalization Guide Tones Bass Lines as Guide Tone Lines Ten Basic Patterns for Bass Lines 244,140,625 Bass Lines for Blues Guide Tones Applied to Melodic Lines Linear Implications of Harmony Guide Tones for F Major Blues Blues Etude Guide Tones Guide Tone Line Applications to Standard Progressions Step Progression Other Voices as Guide Tones Avoid Notes? X. COMMON MELODIC OUTLINES 224 226 229 239 243 247 250 255 259 260 Linear Harmony Constructing the Three Basic Outlines Outline Examples Examples of Outline No. 1 Examples of Outline No. 2 Examples of Outline No. 3 Combination of Outlines Outline Applications Applications to Standard Progressions Outline Embellishment and Development Ideas Outline Etude Ear Training XI. HARMONY: OVERVIEW of VOICINGS 264 265 276 281 284 286 292 297 299 300 Four Part Voice Leading Five Part Voice Leading Piano Overview Accompaniment Classifications Arranging...
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