Nowadays, under the effect of industrial civilization, more and more modern cities choose towering skyscrapers as their landmark buildings, and tend to build in the city centers practical but tedious buildings, which made all the metropolis looks very similar. However, in Europe, a lot of countries committed to conserve their heritage of domestic old-style buildings. Among them, Italy acts as bellwether. This essay takes into consideration three typical masterworks: Coliseum (constructed in AD 72), Hadrian Pantheon (build in second century), and the dome of Florence Cathedral (finished in 1463), from ancient Roman times to Renaissances, three buildings are representative of the Italian architecture, describes these excellent architectural treasures, makes a comparison between Chinese and Italian architecture, in order to show how Italy is seen by the author.
The architecture is known as the ‘stone written history’, not just because the architecture maintain hundreds of years, but the more important is that the architecture reflects the style and spirit of a country or a city. Architecture likes the window of a country or a city, through the buildings, people can distinguish the history and culture, economy and development, and also style and spirit of a country or a city in a much directed way. Italy has always been famous because of its architecture. Historically speaking, as the cradle of western culture, Italian architecture contains the most profound accumulation from the culture and history, at the same time, deeply affects other European countries on the art of architecture. Italian architecture is a perfect combination of all the different periods’ styles, the various mental outlooks, and the distinct cities and areas. There are many renowned cities in Italy such as Rome, Florence, Venice, Pisa, Milan, and so on. In these cities, people can find the history and development of the Italian architecture, and also can see the influence that ancient buildings have on contemporary urban construction and home decoration.
The history of Italian architecture date back to 8th century BC (Italy Travel, L. Shi, 2004), when the ancient Greek first constructed buildings on the Italian land with Greek style. But Italians never lacked of creativity, and their contribution to the history of architecture is relevant to the Ancient Rome period, when Romans inspired by the Greek style created their own new architecture style. This new style contains the Greek architecture standard, ancient Rome peculiarities and always kowned as the classic style in architecture. And then through Romanesque Architecture and Gothic Architecture, in the 15th century (ItalyTravel.com, 2011) the Italian architecture welcome a new spring in the Renaissance, especially Florence, and a large amount of master pieces appeared in this period, such as the dome of Florence Cathedral and Church of San Lorenzo. The following developments are well-known Baroque and Rococo architecture, which can be still found in lots of modern art area such as fashion, design and decoration. Nowadays, Italian architecture style are still widely used in the important designs such as the buildings for government offices, libraries, school buildings, museums and galleries.
A masterwork of Italian architecture that must be mentioned is Coliseum, which constructed during AD 72 to AD 82 (Baidu, 2011), the landmark which stands in the centre of the city of Rome. This architecture jewel, which is commonly thought to be the greatest work of Ancient Romans architecture and Rome engineering, was build in Rome Empire. This masterpiece has very deep influence on the follow-up architecture in a huge amount of countries. First of all, as a big breakthrough, the Roman did not follow the Greeks to build the elliptical amphitheatre on the hill; they chose an entirely free-stand structure to...