Islamic Ancient Traditions: The Six Pillars

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Medell’s Islamic Ancient Traditions: The Six Pillars
Islamic Ancient Traditions: The Six Pillars
From the
Writings of Crystal Medell
Humanities Ms. Melissa Jayne Shelton
University of Central Oklahoma

Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to describe ancient Islamic traditions. This paper focuses on the religious traditions that are mainly still practiced today according to the Qur’an. The six pillars are described which consist of Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, Hajj, and Jihad.

Islamic Ancient Traditions: The Six Pillars
from the
Writings of Crystal Medell
The religious Islamic traditions of ancient times are still practiced in there entirety except for the sixth pillar which is known as Jihad or the holy war. Islam is the Arabic word for submission to God and the people who practice this religion refer to themselves as Muslims which means one who has submitted to God. The religious beliefs of Islam are from a book written around 610 AD called the Qur’an. Islam was accepted shortly after, sometime around 630 AD. The true meaning of the Qur’an is believed to only be properly accepted in the Arabic language. The Qur’an’s religious traditions come from the six pillars (obligations) of the book. The six pillars are called Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, Hajj, and Jihad. Only five are practiced in modern day. (Ahmad, 1995-2011)

We will begin with the first pillar, Shahadah. Shahadah is an Arabic word for the confession in one’s faith to God and the prophet Muhammad. Translated in English the confession is said, “There is no God but God: Muhammad is the prophet of God.” This must be believed and proclaimed before a Muslim may practice any other traditions of faith. The opposite of this belief is called Shirk and is the worship and acceptance of other gods and things. This would be considered as one of the greatest sins to commit under Islam. (Hooker, 2011)

The second pillar is the ritual of worship called Salat. It is...
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