Introduction to Sensorial

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Introduction to Sensorial

By | March 2012
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Introduction to Sensorial

Sensorial education is the education of the senses. It is the heart of a montessori education. Nature has endowed us with ten senses. There is the visual sense, the sense of sight. The acoustic sense, the sense of hearing. The olfactory sense, the sense of smell. The gustatory sense, the sense of taste. The tactile sense, the sense of touch. The muscular sense, the awareness of movement. The stereognostic sense, the ability to determine three dimensional shapes. The stereognosis sense, a combination of both the muscular and stereognostic senses. The thermic sense, the sense of temperature. The baric sense, the sense of weight. Lastly, there is the sense of pain. These ten senses give us the opportunity to develop our human potential.

The child’s senses are his link with the world around him and his only means of exploring his environment. The formative years, from birth to six, are a time of great sensory exploration for the child. Since birth, the child has been absorbing impressions from his senses. Now, through the Sensorial materials, the child is given the tools needed to sharpen and refine his senses, as well as to understand, order, name and classify the various sensations he receives. The child passes through a sensitive period for refinement of the senses between the ages of 2.5 and 6 years old. The Sensorial area assists the child to educate his senses. While much of this type of education occurs naturally in the child’s life, the didactic materials in the Sensorial area help to isolate and further refine specific sensory impressions in an ordered and methodical way.

The general aim of the sensorial materials is to awaken, develop, and refine the senses. The function of the sensorial materials is not to present the child with new impressions of dimension, shape, color, etc., but to bring order and system into the myriad of impressions he has already received, is still receiving and is going to...
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