Introduction to Psychology

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ABPG 1103

Faculty of Applied Social Sciences
Semester/Year: May 2011
Course code: ABPG1103
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Matriculation No: 800918135538001
Identity Card No: 800918-13-5538
Telephone No: 0128083693 (Malaysia) +66896759616 (Thailand)
Email:syhu@oum.edu.my
Learning Centre: Pulau Pinang Learning Centre

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ABPG 1103

Table of Contents
Course Guide
Title: Four subfields of psychology in their different areas of research and specialization. 1.0 Introduction
2.0 Clinical Psychology
2.1 Research area
2.1.1 Intelligence test
2.1.2 Personality test
2.1.3 Neuropsychological tests
2.2 Specialization
2.3 Importance of Clinical Psychology in human life
3.0 Development Psychology
3.1 Research Areas
3.1.1 Cognitive development
3.1.2 Social and emotional development
3.1.3 Motor development
3.1.4 Personality development
3.1.5 Moral development
3.2 Specialization
3.3 Importance of Developmental Psychology in human life
4.0 Educational Psychology
4.1 Research Areas
4.1.1 Bbehavioral perspective
4.1.2 Cognitive perspective
4.1.3 Social perspective
4.1.4 Constructivist perspective
4.1.5 Motivation
4.2 Specialization
4.3 Importance of Educational Psychology in human life
5.0 Industrial and Organizational Psychology
5.1 Research Areas
5.1.1 Job analytic methods
5.1.2 Recruitment process and Personnel selection
5.1.3 Performance appraisal method
5.1.4 Remuneration
5.1.5 Training
5.1.6 Motivation
5.2 Specialization
5.3 Importance of I/O Psychology in human life
6.0 Conclusion
7.0 References

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ABPG 1103

1.0 Introduction
Psychology is a scientific study about human mind and behaviors that involves both physical and biological. The ultimate goals of psychology are to benefit society by applying such knowledge in human daily activities such as education, events, people, task, employment, association, relationship and treatment of mental health problems. . Psychologists are professional researchers or practitioners who will carry out the theories to understand and explain thought, emotion and behavior. They attempt to understand human by exploring concepts such as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, personality, behavior and interpersonal relationships and unconscious mind. Psychology incorporates research from the social sciences such as anthropology, natural sciences (study of the universe) and humanities such as literature, history, ancient and modern languages, religion and philosophy. The psychology was born when Wilhelm Wundt established the first psychology lab at Leipzig, Germany in 1879. Ten most influential psychologists were B.F Skinner, Sigmund Freud, Albert Bandura, Jean Piaget, Carl Rogers, William James, Erik Erikson, Ivan Pavlov, Kurt Lewin, and Eugene Garfield. The subfields of psychology are Biological, Clinical, Cognitive, Comparative, Developmental, Educational, Industrial & Organizational, Social and etc.

Below are four subfields of psychology with the explanation of their different area and specialization.

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ABPG 1103

2.0 Clinical Psychology
Clinical psychology is the scientific study of assessment, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness caused by distress or dysfunction. Basically, clinical psychologists engage in research, consultation, forensic testimony, administration, teaching and program development. Clinical psychologists are regulated mental health profession but not medical doctors.Clinical psychology is the largest specialty area in psychology and is strongly regulated by a code of ethics in most countries. In the US, professional ethics are largely defined by the APA (American Psychological Association) Code of Conduct.

“The APA code is based on five principles, Beneficence and Nonmaleficence, Fidelity and Responsibility,...
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