Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
The A-B-C-D-E Model in the Treatment of Stress
Psychological therapies are based on different psychological theories where different approaches are exercised and practiced to achieve the best results in treating clients. One of the most widely spread psychological therapies is the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) as one of cognitive behavior therapies. Like other cognitive behavior therapies that focus on the clients’ thoughts as a reason of psychological or physical problems, REBT stresses that clients’ perception of things is mostly irrational and “catastrophized” (Abrams & Ellis, 1994). The core idea of REBT is that people adapt irrational beliefs consciously or unconsciously toward specific events or people in their lives in which those beliefs cause them one or several emotional or behavioral disturbance (Abrams & Ellis, 1994). In crisis situations, people can take control if they change those irrational beliefs that they have and their way of thinking (James, 2008). REBT was created by Albert Ellis who believed that people are the reason behind their own problems in the way they view events or people around them (Corey, 2009). He emphasized that our emotions and behaviors are interrelated and they come out as a result of our inner thoughts, beliefs and values. The main aim of REBT therapists is to challenge their clients’ irrational beliefs making them aware of their consequences and teach them how to dispute them with as less stressful thoughts as possible. This is practiced through several “emotive-evocative, dramatic” techniques and strategies such as rational emotive imagery, shame-attacking exercise, disputing irrational beliefs, doing cognitive homework, bibliotherapy, changing one’s language, role playing and using A-B-C-D-E framework (Corey, 2009). REBT is used as a treatment for various problems, situations as well as in treating...
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