Intel Processors

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ASSIGNMENT: DISCUSS THE EVOLUTION OF INTEL PROCESSORS

Intel 4004- First Single-Chip Microprocessor (4-bit CPU)
• Introduced November 15, 1971
• Maximum clock speed was 740 kHz
• 12-bit addresses
• 8-bit instructions
• 4-bit data words
• Program Memory 4 KB
• Instruction set contained 46 instructions (of which 41 were 8 bits wide and 5 were 16 bits wide) • Register set contained 16 registers of 4 bits each
• Internal subroutine stack 3 levels deep

Intel 8008- An 8 bit CPU designed by Intel
• Introduced April 1, 1972
• Clock rate 200 kHz (8008–1: 800 kHz)
• 0.05 MIPS
• Bus Width 8 bits (multiplexed address/data due to limited pins) • Enhancement load PMOS logic
• Number of Transistors 3,500 at 10 µm
• Addressable memory 16 KB
• Typical in early 8 bit microcomputers, dumb terminals, general calculators, bottling machines • Developed in tandem with 4004
• Originally intended for use in the Data point 2200 microcomputer • Key volume deployment in Texas Instruments 742 microcomputer in >3,000 Ford dealerships

Intel 8086- 16 bit processor designed by Intel
• Introduced June 8, 1978
• Clock rates:
• 4.77 MHz with 0.33
• 8 MHz with 0.66 MIPS
• 10 MHz with 0.75 MIPS
• Bus Width 16 bits data, 20 bits address
• Number of Transistors 29,000 at 3 µm
• Addressable memory 1 megabyte
• Up to 10X the performance of 8080

Pentium I- 32 bit Processor designed by Intel
• Introduced March 22, 1993
• Bus width 64 bits
• Prepared by: Group I (Microprocessors and its Architecture) • System bus clock rate 60 or 66 MHz
• Address bus 32 bits
• Addressable Memory 4 GB
• Virtual Memory 64 TB
• Superscalar architecture
• Runs on 5 volts
• Used in desktops
• 16 KB of L1 cache

Pentium Pro- is a sixth-generation x86 microprocessor developed and manufactured by Intel (32 bit) • Introduced November 1, 1995
• Precursor to Pentium II and III
• Primarily used in server systems
• Socket 8 processor package (387 pins) (Dual SPGA)
• Number of transistors 5.5 million
• 0.6 µm process technology
• 16 KB L1 cache
• 256 KB integrated L2 cache
• 60 MHz system bus clock rate
• Variants (150 MHz)

Pentium II- brand refers to Intel's sixth-generation micro architecture ("Intel P6") and x86-compatible microprocessors (32 bit) • Introduced May 7, 1997
• Pentium Pro with MMX and improved 16-bit performance • 242-pin Slot 1 (SEC) processor package
• Number of transistors 7.5 million
• 32 KB L1 cache
• 512 KB ½ bandwidth external L2 cache
• The only Pentium II that did not have the L2 cache at ½ bandwidth of the • core was the Pentium II 450 PE.

Pentium III- brand refers to Intel's 32-bit x86 desktop and mobile microprocessors based on the sixth-generation Intel P6 micro architecture • Introduced February 26, 1999
• Improved PII, i.e. P6-based core, now including Streaming SIMD • Extensions (SSE)
• Number of transistors 9.5 million
• 512 KB ½ bandwidth L2 External cache
• 242-pin Slot 1 SECC2 (Single Edge Contact cartridge 2) processor package • System Bus clock rate 100 MHz, 133 MHz (B-models)

Pentium IV- brand refers to Intel's line of single-core mainstream and high-end desktop and laptop central processing units (CPUs) • Introduced November 20, 2000
• 0.18 µm process technology (1.40 and 1.50 GHz)
• Max. CPU clock rate Speed (1.3 GHz to 3.8 GHz)
• L2 cache was 256 KB Advanced Transfer Cache (Integrated) • System Bus clock rate 400 MHz
• Number of Transistors 42 million

Pentium Dual Core- a 64-bit Processor designed by Intel
• Introduced January 21, 2007
• Desktop CPU (SMP support restricted to 2 CPUs)
• Clock Speed (1.6-2.93 GHz)
• L2 Cache (1-2 MB)
• FSB Speed (533-1066 MHz)

Pentium...
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