Celia De Camargo
January 16, 2013
Institutions and Civil Liberties
1964 – Civil Rights Act
Based on the power of Congress to regulate commerce, The Civil Right Act of 1964 gives the right to all persons to equal access to public establishments such as hotels, restaurants, theaters, bars and many others. The Act prohibits discrimination in voting. It also prohibits discrimination in promotion, hiring and salaries of employees of medium and large size companies and establishes the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). However, some forms of job discrimination are lawful as a religion based school can take the religion of a prospective teacher into account.
1968 – Civil Rights Act
Civil Rights legislation was passed by Congress in 1968 prohibiting housing discrimination as building owners cannot refuse to sell or rent house because of a person’s ethnicity, race, sex or religion. The act also prohibits redlining. However, a report of the U.S. Conference of Mayors indicates that Hispanics and African Americans are twice as likely as whites to be denied a mortgage loan (Patterson, p. 136, 2009).
Civil Rights Movement during the 1940s
When African American returned home from WW II they hoped for equality and as this did not happen, then the Civil Rights movement began as African Americans protested and marched to end prejudice. They also began to use their political powers to demand more rights. A mass movement organized by leader A. Phillip in 1941 forces President Roosevelt to take steps against racial discrimination in industries ("Reporting Civil Rights", n.d.).
President Truman created what is called “Fair Deal” as he proposed to Congress a full-employment program, expansion of Social Security, a permanent Fair Employment Practices Act, and public housing and slum clearance. President Truman ended racial segregation in civil service and the armed...