INSTITUTIONS OF THE EU
Terms of Reference page 3
Procedure page 4
Findings page 5
Conclusion page 10
Bibliography page 11
Terms of Reference
On the 15th of October 2010 Mr Einstein the head teacher of Cathcart High School requested a report to be Witten on the European Union. The report should detail and analyse the functions of the various institutions of the European Union. This report will be submitted on the 25th of October 2012.
In order for relevant information to be obtained the following procedures were used to acquire the information for this report.
* Relevant Information was Researched on web
* Certain Topics were studied closely
* Information was sought from books
3.1 The Origins of the EU
In the late 1940 after the second world war a number of European leaders became induced that the only way to create a lasting peace was to unite t France and Germany - both economically and politically. In 1950, Robert Schuman the French Foreign Minister came up with an eventual union of all Europe, the first step would be to combine the coal and steel industries of Western Europe. The year after this the European Coal and Steel Community was made up of six members, Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The success of this made them decide to integrate other elements of the countries economies. In 1957 the Treaties of Rome created the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community, the six member states undertook to get rid of trade barriers among themselves by forming a common market. The Maastricht treaty of 1991 formed the European Union. It created cooperation in foreign and security policy, justice and home affairs and created an independent central European bank which in roll then created fixed monetary targets and convergence criteria. The Euro, was introduced on 1 January 1999, it was in use everywhere with the exception of three countries, United Kingdom, Sweden, and Denmark. Ten new countries joined the EU in 2004 these were Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. Finally in 2007 Bulgaria and Romania joined, bringing the membership to 27 countries, where it stands today.
3.2 Why the EU was formedThe European Union was formed to increase the relations between the governments of the European countries. It was also introduced to strengthen the trade and commerce ties between the countries of Europe. In the 20th century the countries of Europe wanted a unique European national identity. The aim of the European continent was to become an international and trading superpower that prompted the former West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg to form an economic partnership - European Coal and Steel Community in July 1952.
3.3 Who were the Original members
The original members of the European Union commonly known as the inner six are Belgium, France, west Germany, Italy Luxemburg and Netherlands.
3.4 Reasons for the EU growth
* There is access to a large and competitive market, where the same rules apply. Which help smaller counters where there market is limited. There are standards which ensure quality and safety. They also allow for undertaking huge joint projects, which would not be possible for one country only - such as the EU space program forinstance....
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