Midterm questions 4 & 5
4. Who is Maria Clara in the personal life of Jose Rizal? What is the significance of Maria Clara in Rizal’s personal life particularly during his day in Europe?
Maria Clara is the childhood sweetheart and fiancée of Noli Me Tangere 's hero, Juan Crisóstomo Ibarra y Magsalin, the son of Don Rafael Ibarra. Maria Clara’s character is based on Leonor Rivera, Jose Rizal’s real life girlfriend and cousin. It was Leonor Rivera’s father, Antonio Rivera, Rizal’s uncle, who brought Rizal his passport when he went to Spain. Leonor Rivera and Rizal constantly wrote love letters to each other. They remained connected for quite sometime but then Leonor’s mother wanted to stop the relationship because it was a forbidden one so she bribed the post office guy to give her all the letters and gifts to her so that Leonor would receive any. Since Leonor wasn’t receiving any letters form Rizal she started to think that Rizal was sick or and so their relationship reached its end but this does not ended their love for each other and even though Leonor was forced to marry other man she remained in love with Rizal. Leonor Rivera epitomizes Filipino women who are loving and loyal. Their love symbolizes commitment, honesty, and truth.
5. Is the Catholic church of today similar to Rizal’s? Why did Jose Rizal use the Spanish friars as part of the major characters in Noli Me Tangere?
Somehow there are similarities between the church during Rizal’s time and the Catholic Church today, in my opinion the similarities are drawn out from the way the Catholic Church uses their influence and power in order to remain in control of the country and its citizens. The situation differs from then and now but I think the intention is still the same and that is to influence and control the citizens and they meddle on things related to politics which is not part of their role but they still try to control it. The friars have...