General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about the deformity, scoliosis Central idea: Today, I would like to share with you what scoliosis is, how one gets scoliosis, and what are the options one has on preventing scoliosis from getting worse. INTRODUCTION
Preview of speech: Scoliosis is a rapidly growing deformity in the United Stated, 3 out of 4 children in an elementary school sized classroom have scoliosis and only 1 will know that they have it. To better understand scoliosis, today I will tell you what scoliosis is, how someone gets scoliosis, and what are the options that someone with scoliosis has. Link: First, What is Scoliosis?
I. Scoliosis is a lateral (side to side or front to back curvature of the spine) A. The spine is made of twenty- four flexible bony elements called vertebrates and they begin from the cervical down to the Coccygeal or tailbone. 1. Orthopedists determine the degree of a scoliotic curve by measuring with the Cobb angle. 2. Lines are drawn on the x-ray of the spine parallel to the highest and lowest vertebrate in the curve. 3. Then, a line is drawn vertical to those two lines and the angle where they intersect is the degree of the curve. 4. If the perpendicular lines would be parallel verticals and the Cobb angle would be zero, then the spine is straight. B. Although scoliosis is a serious matter depending on the degree of the curvature, it doesn’t always affect people who have it, many lead normal lives without ever knowing. 1. According to the studies made by Doctor Michael Neuwirth, director of the Spine Institute in New York City, only about 10% of people who have scoliosis actually suffer. C. Orthopedists have classified scoliosis into four different types according to what causes the deformity. 1. The first and most common is idiopathic scoliosis (80-85% of all cases); this means that the doctors have not found the...