Topic: To inform my audience about the process of succeeding in higher education.
Thesis Statement: Motivation, setting goals, and learning and using skill sets are three essential elements for succeeding in college.
I. Attention Getter: Do you want to make more money?
A. Do you want to have a more secure career?
B. How about a second home?
C. What about being able to afford to take a vacation?
Thesis Statement/Introduce Topic: A college degree will enable you to make these things happen, and in order to succeed in college you need to know how a degree will help you.
Preview: Motivation is the first component of a attaining a college degree.
A. Even with the proper motivation, however, you still need to set goals to help you get where you wish to be.
B. Finally, you need the right skill sets to achieve in college, because after all, “it ain’t high school.”
[Transition: With all those things in mind, let’s first look at the basic
value of a college degree.]
I. Main Point: It is important to know that a college degree can provide you with many advantages, most notable in employment and earning potential.
A. Sub-point: According to the Associated Press, during the 2008 recession those with a college degree lost their jobs at half the rate of those without a degree.
B. Sub-point: The AP said that if college grads do lose jobs they get another quicker, make more money, and have more savings (Leonard, January 10, 2009, par. 2).
C. Sub-point: That AP article quoted Lawrence Mishel, president of the Economic Policy Institute in Washington D.C., as saying: that college graduates "have a privileged position in the labor market" (Leonard, January 10, 2009, par. 7).
D. Sub-point: The AP noted that these statistics are true over time too.
1. Sub-sub-point: In 1983 the unemployment rate for college grads was 3.4, compared to 10.4 for the overall population (Leonard, January 10, 2009, par. 8).
2. Sub-sub-point: Also consider that during bad times in the 1990s college graduates’ unemployment only raised to 3.4%, while those without the degree rose to12.2% (Leonard, January 10, 2009, par. 8-9).
E. Sub-point: The AP also noted that high school grads average about $15.02 an hour, while college grads earn over $26.50 per hour (Leonard, January 10, 2009, par. 11).
F. Sub-point: And to show just how much industry values education, attaining an advanced degree gets you over $33.50 per hour (Leonard, January 10, 2009, par. 11).
[Transition: As you can see receiving a college degree has many advantages, providing the motivation, but you will need to set goals to achieve that degree.]
II. Main Point: There are two types of goals for you to consider.
A. Sub-point: First there are short term goals.
1. Sub-sub-point: Short term goals help you meet your long term goals.
2. Sub-sub-point: Achieving short term goals lets you realize that you are making progress.
B. Sub-point: Long term goals clarify direction and have several factors.
1. Sub-sub-point: Long term goals should fit your values, so, if you want a flashy lifestyle it is probably not a good idea to major in education to become a school teacher.
2. Sub-sub-point: Long term goals should also be realistic, so if you are a not a math or science major then a career in aeronautics is probably not a reasonable goal.
3. Sub-sub-point: You should be able to measure your long term goals by dates, advancing from freshman to sophomore, to junior, etc.
4. Sub-sub-point: You should also make your goals flexible, as...
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