The Industrial Revolution began in England during the 1700s and spread throughout the rest of Europe. The Industrial Revolution was a time of new inventions, products, and methods of work. The results of the Industrial
Revolution led to many short and long-term positive and negative effects. However the short-term negative effects outweighed the long-term positive effects of the Industrial Revolution. Short-term negative effects included death and illnesses from working in factories, poor working conditions, and poor conditions within cities. While some of the long-term positive effects are cheaper prices, competition for trade, and the spread of industrialization.
The poor working conditions in factories were a big problem during the Industrial Revolution. Many people worked in factories which had very tight spaces and poor lighting. Many people became injured and sometimes died
from these conditions. In Joseph Hebergram's testimony to the Sadler Committee he states "I have damaged lungs. My leg muscles do not function properly and will not support the weight of my bones". Hebergram later states "He (the doctor) told me it was caused by the dust in the factories and from overwork". This shows the harsh conditions that were present in the factories. The conditions were so bad that some people actually died in the factories. Factory owners did not follow necessary precautions so many people died according to Hebergram he states "About a dozen died during the two and a half years I was there". The poor conditions also included the long hours factory workers had to endure. William Cooper was a ten year old boy and he testified in front of the Sadler Committee. He was asked about the working hours and he stated "We began at five in the morning and ended at nine at night, we only had forty minutes for a break". These children that worked at these factories had no time for anything other then working and sleep. None of these children were really educated...
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