Industrial Relations in Bangladesh

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Bangladesh
THE INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS ORDINANCE, 1969
(Ordinance No. 23 of 1969)
(As amended up to 1996)
An Ordinance to amend and consolidate the law relating to the formation of trade unions, the regulation of relations between employers and workmen and the avoidance and settlement of any difference or disputes arising between them. [pic]

1. Short title, extent, application and commencement.-
(1) This Ordinance may be called the Industrial Relations Ordinance, 1969. (2) It extends to the whole of Bangladesh.
(3) It shall not apply to any person employed in the Police or any of the Defence services of Bangladesh and any services or installations connected with or incidental to the Armed Forces of Bangladesh, including an Ordinance Factory maintained by the Government, or to any person employed in the administration of the Republic other than those employed as workmen by the Railways, Posts, Telegraph and Telephone Departments; or to any person employed in the Security Printing Corporation (Bangladesh) Ltd. (4) It shall come into force at once.

2. Definitions.- In this Ordinance, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context- • (i) "Arbitrator" means a person appointed as such under this Ordinance; • (ii) "Award" means the determination by a Labour Court, Arbitrator or Appellate Tribunal of any industrial dispute or any matter relating thereto and includes an interim award; • (iii & iv) Not in existence.

• (v) "Collective Bargaining Agent" in relation to an establishment or industry, means the trade union of workmen which, under section 22, is the agent of the workmen in the establishment or, as the case may be, industry, in the matter of collective bargaining. • (vi) "Conciliation Proceedings" means any proceedings before a Conciliator; • (vii) "Conciliator'' means a person appointed as such under section 27; • (vii) (a) "Director of Labour" means a person appointed as such by the Government; • (viii) "Employer", in relation to an establishment, means any person or body of persons, whether incorporated or not, who or which employs workmen in the establishment under a contract of employment and includes- •

o (a) an heir, successor or assign, as the case may be, or such person or body as aforesaid; o (b) any person responsible for the management, supervision and control of the establishment; o (c) in relation to an establishment run by or under the authority of any Ministry or Division of the Government, the authority appointed in this behalf or, where no authority is appointed, the Head of the Ministry or Division; o (d) in relation to an establishment run by or on behalf of a local authority, the officer appointed in this behalf or where no officer is so appointed, the chief executive officer of that authority; Special provision. For the purposes of distinction from the category of "workers or workmen", "officers and employees" of a Ministry or Division of the Government or a local authority, who belong to the superior, managerial, secretarial, directional, supervisory or agency staff and who have been notified for this purpose in the official Gazette shall be deemed to fall within the category of employers. o (e) in relation to any other establishment, the proprietor of such establishment and every director, manager, secretary, agent or other officer or person concerned with the management of the affairs thereof; (and in the case of a banking company, also the person who holds a general power of attorney or has authority to sign, endorse or discharge negotiable instruments on behalf of the banking company.) • (ix) "Establishment" means any office, firm, industrial unit, transport vehicle, undertaking, shop or premises...
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