Indian Sugar Industry

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Report No. 93-00 A Report of USAID/New Delhi and the Office of Energy and Infrastructure Bureau for Research and Development United States Agency for International Development


Three Mills in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra

Prepared by: Winrock International and International Development and Energy Associates, Inc. 1611 N. Kent Street Arlington, VA 22209

Biomass Energy Systems and Technology Project DHR-5737-A-00-9058-00 Energy Planning and Policy Development Project DHR-5728-C-00-9074 May 1993

This publication was made possible through support provided by the Office of Energy and Infrastructure, Bureau for Research and Development, U.S. Agency for International Development. The opinions expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Agency for International Development.

This study is based on the findings of a project team which visited India from April 20 to May 5, 1992. The team members were S. Padmanabhan (Team Leader), Ken Langer (Business Development), Felix Ah-Kee (Sugar/Cogeneration), George St. John and Rick McQuain (Power Purchase Contracts), Don Hertzmark (Financial Analysis), Arun Sanghvi ( Utility Economics). The U.S. project team, joined by Brad Hollomon in July 1992, worked in close association with its Indian collaborators, Thermax Ltd., Pune. Mr. Harish Bhargava and Mr. P.K. Sen, Directors of Thermax Ltd. were intimately involved in all stages of the study. The above authors wish to acknowledge the support and direction from Dr. David J. Jhirad, Sr. Energy Advisor, Office of Energy & Infrastructure of USAID and Dr. Franklin Tugwell, Director of the Renewable Energy and the Environment Program at Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development. The team also places on record its appreciation to the USAID/India mission and, in particular to Dr. John Grayzel, Chief, Office of Technology Development & Enterprise, for his assistance and cooperation. In India the team received key logistical and professional assistance from the staff of Thermax Ltd., in particular Mr. Shishir Athale, Mr. Pradeep Gaur, Mr. Sridhar Ramanan, Mr. M.J. Shaikhali and Mr. Sridhar. In addition, the technical insights provided by Mr. P.J. Manohar and Mr. D.S. Murali, Tata Consulting Engineers is greatly appreciated. The team expresses its sincere appreciation to the Managements of the three sugar factories for the courtesy and hospitality extended when visiting the mills - Mr. Ram V. Tyagarajan, Chairman and Mr. P. Solaimuthu, General Manager, Thiru Arooran Sugars

Ltd.; Mr. K. Jayachandran, Additional General Manager, Aruna Sugars & Enterprises Ltd.; and Mr. Mansinghrao J. Jadhav, Managing Director, Vasantdada Shetkari Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Limited (VSSK), Sangli; Dr. D. G. Hapase, Director and Mr. A. R. Patil, Chief Engineer, Vasantdada Sugar Institute (VSI), Pune. The team also benefitted greatly from discussions with Mr. Ajit M. Nimbalkar, Chairman, Maharashtra State Electricity Board and his officers. Likewise the team owes its sincere appreciation to the unflagging assistance and courtesy extended to it by Mr. Chikobba, Member Generation, Tamil Nadu Electicity Board and his officers. The team also gratefully acknowledges the support and information received from Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A. Brad Hollomon compiled and edited the report. Finally, both Fay Ellis and Rowena Laxa deserve special mention and thanks for their excellent adminstrative and secretarial support on the report.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 3 ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS 8 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 11 Background 11 Findings and Conclusions 12 Discussion 13 Cogeneration Case Studies 13 Financial Analysis 14 Pricing of Power Sales by Cogenerators 15 Power Purchase Contracts 15 1.0 INTRODUCTION 17 1.1 Background 17 1.1.1 EMCAT and the Current Study 17

1.1.2 Study Objectives 17...
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