The Indian Textiles Industry has an overwhelming presence in the economic life of the country. Apart from providing one of the basic necessities of life, the textiles industry also plays a pivotal role through its contribution to industrial output, employment generation, and the export earnings of the country. Currently, it contributes about 14 percent to industrial production, 4 percent to the GDP, and 17 percent to the country’s export earnings. It provides direct employment to over 35 million people.
The Industry is closely linked to agriculture, the ancient culture and traditions of the India, making Indian textiles sector unique in comparison with other countries. This also provides the industry with the capacity to produce a variety of products suitable to the different market segments, both within and outside the country. TEXTILE PYRAMID
One can identify the whole industry as a pyramid in itself, starting from the production of fiber through natural or man-made resources, to the manufacturing of garments & made-ups, which are then either used domestically or exported.
Within the fiber sector, cotton remains the most significant raw material for the textile industry. India was the 2nd largest producer (4.76 Million Metric Tons) of cotton in the world during 2006-07, accounting for 18.45% of global production. During 2006-07, India had the most land under cotton cultivation, i.e., 9.16 Million hectares. But the productivity, being 521 kg./ha, was far behind the world average of 756 kg/ha. The major reason for low yield is that 65 % area under cotton is rain fed. Out of the total cotton production of 280 lakh bales, almost 235 lakh are used domestically, while 45 lakh bales were exported in 2006-07, giving India a share of The production of man-made fiber during 2007-08 shows an increasing trend as compared to the corresponding period of 2006-07. The total man made fiber production increased by 9.5%, a compare to the corresponding period of the previous year. ItemUnit1999-20002000-012001-022002-032003-042004-052005-062006-072007-08 Raw Cotton 000’s tones2652.002380.002686.002312.003043.004131.004097.004760.00 Manmade FiberMillion Kg 835 904 834 914.00 953.00 1023.00 968.00 1139.001217.00 Raw Wool Million Kg 47.90 48.04 49.50 50.50 48.50 44.60 44.90 45.2045.00 Raw Silk Million Kg 15.21 15.86 17.35 16.32 15.74 16.50 17.31 18.76 Raw Jute1625.21600.81621.81571.31613.11582.11356.31624.9
In the woolen sector, India has the 3rd largest sheep population in the world, having 6.15 crores sheep, producing 45 million kg. of raw wool, i.e. 3.1% of total world wool production. Out of the wool produced in the country, about 85% is carpet grade wool, 5% apparel grade, and 10% coarser grade wool. Over here, it has to be noted that we have to depend on imports of apparel grade wool, which is converted and then exported back again. The raw wool imported in 2007-08 was 95.7 million kgs. The production of raw silk and jute are also showing steady increases now, after a few low points in the past 2 years. YARN
Spinning mills are mainly located in North India. As on December 31, 2007, there were 1,744 cotton/man-made fiber textiles mills (non-SSI) in the country with a capacity of 34.87 million spindles, 4,57,000 rotors, and 56,000 looms. The capacity utilization in the spinning sector ranged between 80% to 93 %. Total production of yarn including cotton and blended yarns in the country increased to 2,339.3 million kg during the seven months (April-October) of the current fiscal as against 2,198.2 million kg, up by 6.41% over previous year, thanks to steady increase in cotton yarn production. Total production has been rising steadily in the past few years. This upward trend has continued during the current fiscal 2007-08 also. Production of cotton yarn went up 6.45% at 1,721.6 million kg (1,617.4 million kg) during the review period while the...