India's View on American Foreign Policy

Topics: United States, Sri Lanka, Policy Pages: 5 (1832 words) Published: May 15, 2013
An Outsider’s Perspective: How India Views United States Foreign Policy It is no secret that Americans typically do not view the actions of their government in the same manner that citizens in other countries do, especially in relation to foreign policy. It is also not a surprising fact that the presuppositions many Americans hold about foreign policy is incorrect. For instance, the average American believes that the United States spends twenty-seven percent of the federal budget on foreign aid, according to a 2010 World Public Opinion poll – the actual figure being closer to one percent. This discrepancy is precisely the reason why international perspectives on foreign policy are needed if we are to fully understand the far-reaching consequences US policy decisions have on the nations of the world. Specifically, analyzing US foreign policy through the looking glass of a citizen in the country that the particular policy addresses is of utmost importance to consider if we are to sculpt a well-rounded conception of how effectively policy determinations serve American interests and the interests of others. Arguably the most important countries to consider when developing a comprehensive perspective on American foreign policy are newly industrialized countries (NICs). The United States deals much more with countries that have recently become industrialized due to their status as a rising economic power and, in turn, this aspect makes them prime candidates to analyze American foreign policy from their perspective. India, being the NIC with the highest real GDP growth rate of any current NIC, garners much attention from the United States and is the subject of several foreign policy changes that the US makes. This is precisely why I chose to use The Times of India as my scholarly source to research for this paper. India has much to tell us about the nature of American foreign policy with regards to the economic and political partnerships that the US and India enter into together. From the articles that were selected as resources that I will cite for this paper, I found that India mostly considers us as a hegemonic state that is consistently policing other parts of the world that may or may not want US involvement present in their affairs. When the articles were positive, the authors were typically writing about the US entering into a business deal or doling out military/humanitarian aid to countries in the surrounding region, including India itself. During the week or so that I scoured the paper (April 9th – April 21st), the majority of the news articles in The Times of India regarding US foreign policy focused primarily on the military aid given to surrounding countries and our involvement (support or lack thereof) with the rebel groups of some countries striving for political freedom under an authoritarian regime. On a whole, the paper, at least for the week of April 9th, was surprisingly negative towards American foreign policy, with some positive aspects mixed in. There are two types of American foreign policy present in the five articles that were examined that should be distinguished before we go any further with our analysis. The first type is what most would describe as military/humanitarian aid. This type of foreign policy includes anything from American military resources such as drones and troops being deployed across the world to brokering deals between the US and other countries to sell and buy military equipment. Foreign aid can also include humanitarian aid such as financial support for countries recovering from civil wars or other social struggles and specifically money flowing from the US to states with the express aim to help support reconciliation and reconstruction efforts. The second type of foreign policy that can be categorized we will refer to as economic policy. Foreign policy grounded in the markets of a country can stretch from imposing taxes on certain sectors of a country’s economy to job creation to...
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