In what ways did the French and Indian War alter the political, economic and ideological relations between Britain and its American colonies? By: Cassidy Cecil
The French and Indian War altered the relations between Britain and its American colonies due to the colonies wish of a republican government in place of an English monarchy. Britain began to tax in order to pay off the war which led colonists to look at their mother country different. In return, they tried to split and gain independence. “Peace” remarked by the Prime Minister Pitt, “will be as hard to make as war.”
After the French and Indian War, the British ministry sent out new taxes on the American colonies to pay off the debt. Britain’s debt soared from $75 million to $133 million in 1763 consuming 60% of the national budget. The only solution to this problem was the raise the taxes, and that’s just what prime minster Lord Bute did beginning with England. Of course there were many complaints with this leading to his decision to only tax the poor and middle classes. The question was still hanging in the air for them, should they tax the American colonists? A new prime minister came into play in 1763. British taxpayers were paying five times as much taxes as the people in America were and Britain was still in debt. He finally decided that the new revenue would have to come from the colonies. In the British Order in Council of 1763 it claims to read, “We, the commissioners of your majesty’s treasury beg leave humbly to represent to you and your majesty that having taken into consideration the present state of the duties of the customs imposed on your majesty’s subjects in America and the West indies, we find that the revenue arising therefrom is very small and inconsiderable …. And is not yet sufficient to defray a fourth part of the expense necessary for collecting it.” He made a new two part plan, The Currency Act of 1764, which extended the ban on paper money as legal tender, and the Sugar Act of...
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