Homel, P., 2009. Improving crime prevention knowledge and practice. Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice, November, Issue 385, pp. 1-6. Topic
Existing research helps identify the importance of developing of a national framework for technical support to ensure an effective sustainable crime prevention effort. The author suggests the need to consider the establishment a crime prevention technical assistance fund. Context
During the late nineties Australian research started to recognise the importance of developing the strategy of crime prevention. The United Nations Council for Economic and Social Development (ECOSOC) passed resolution 1995/9 ‘Guidelines for the prevention of urban crime’, in which the strategies of crime prevention were acknowledged as important and successful. This was again reiterated by the Secretary General at the 2004 Security Council (Homel 2009, p. 1) during his opening address. Despite confirmation of a continued decline in crime both here and internationally, there is recognition that the nature of crime is changing. It is no longer constrained by national borders. The advent of new technologies and telecommunication techniques has resulted in a number of emerging trends, including the way communities respond to crime. The media has reported many extreme examples including beach riots in Cronulla, drug and crime in Cabramatta, young Mr Thomas Hickey, Macquarie Fields, and the Muslim riots in Sydney. This has helped change how government and Police respond and reignited recognition of the importance of developing sustainable strategies that engage both the community and their leaders. Australia has a long distinguished history of citizen engagement and since 1939 the activities of the New South Wales Police Citizens Youth Clubs have helped showcase the importance of crime prevention through citizen engagement. The publication looks at crime prevention strategies from both the local and international perspective, the references provided show that the author has followed the debate intently since early 1998. The author is influenced by research from the Australian perspective. The publication has identified the importance of using multidiscipline & multiagency strategies. This is also reflected in (AIC 2012, p. 15) ‘This may include action to improve housing, health and educational achievement, as well as improved community cohesion through community development measures’. This results in wider reader potential across a wide range of contexts including education, business, health, law, rehabilitation, nursing, government, employment and training. It is readily acknowledged that it is a complex emerging field and that Criminology, Law and Justice are key disciplines. Over the last decade a realisation has emerged of a need to recognise the role professions, earth sciences, social sciences and formal sciences play in the successful implementation of solutions. Structure
The publication is an essay which focuses on development and implementation of a national framework for a technical support. A brief introduction (Homel 2009, p.1) sets the foundation upon which the realisation of effective crime prevention can be discussed. The author establishes an argument for the development of a main stream approach to crime prevention and presents examples (p.2) to support this necessity. Recognising the lack of understanding about the true nature of the crime prevention, the problem is then simplified (p.2) by examining examples and identifying two basic forms. International experiences and their correlations are discussed and the eight principles of crime prevention (p.3) are explained and examined. The author then presents a strategy (p.4) on how this might be achieved within Australia. Then suggests mechanisms at national level to develop capacity building resources (p.5) and highlights the need for this to be addressed in short term. Style
The publication provides an exceptionally...