The Mongols are the most influential civilization to ever exist in central Asia. They impacted countries all over the world in great ways.
The Mongols invaded and impacted four major world powers, the first being the Islamic world. The murder of the Abbasid caliph, one of some 800, 000 people who were reported to have been killed in Mongol retribution for the city's resistance, brought an end to the dynasty that had ruled the core regions of the Islamic world since the middle of the 8th century . Perhaps the greatest long-term impact of the Mongol drive to the west was indirect and unintended. In recent years a growing number of historians have become convinced that the Mongol conquests played a key role in transmitting the fleas that carried bubonic plague from central Asia to the Middle East.
Russia was another power impacted by the Mongols. Before the Mongols Russia had a city state type of government, the Mongols changed all of that. They made them tribute states, which means that they had to pay a tax to be able to stay independent, called the golden horde. Also they brought with them from Asia the bubonic plague, or the “black death.” As they did with most of the countries they invaded. Mongol rule in Russia lasted about a century longer than it did in China and Persia, which led to many problems for Russia in the long run. The Russians inability to overcome Mongol rule left many imprints on Russian society that remained there for a long time. One of these things was how Russia was held back from becoming industrialized while the rest of Europe was becoming more and more industrial.. The Mongols were eventually driven out around 1480, but their mark had been left on Russian society and for centuries to come Russians would battle to find a true identity and also to try and westernize.
In Europe, the Mongols had the most effect on the economy, with the scientific and commercial revolution. The economy of the Roman Empire...