Immobilized Enzyme

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Immobilized Enzyme
Immobilized Enzyme
* Enzymes which are attached to small bead made of alginate are called immobilized enzyme * However, whatever the nature of an immobilized enzyme, it must comprise two essential functions, namely the non-catalytic functions (NCF) that are designed to aid separation and the catalytic functions (CF) that are designed to convert the target compounds within the time and space desired * Immobilized enzymes might meet the increasing demand by manufacturers of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals for enantiomerically pure compounds, because of their greater selectivity and specificity.

* Enzymes which are attached to small bead made of alginate are called immobilized enzyme * However, whatever the nature of an immobilized enzyme, it must comprise two essential functions, namely the non-catalytic functions (NCF) that are designed to aid separation and the catalytic functions (CF) that are designed to convert the target compounds within the time and space desired * Immobilized enzymes might meet the increasing demand by manufacturers of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals for enantiomerically pure compounds, because of their greater selectivity and specificity.

Uses of immobilized enzyme in industry
1) Immobilized enzymes are used in various industries as they allow the reaction to flow continuously and the product will not be contaminated with the enzyme so does not need to be purified; 2) Used as reusable heterogeneous biocatalysts, with the aim of reducing production costs by efficient recycling and control of the process, 3) as stable and reusable devices for analytical and medical applications , 4) as selective adsorbents for purification of proteins and enzymes , 5) as fundamental tools for solid-phase protein chemistry, 6) as effective microdevices for controlled release of protein drugs; 7) immobilized maltose is used to break starch to maltose; 8) converts sucrose into a much...
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